Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Before novice aquarists sometimes the question arises: why do we need an Fish Tank Filter and which one is better to choose – internal or external? In what article are the differences between the two types of filters and whether they are needed at all.

What is needed and how it works

The main purpose of the internal Fish Tank Filter – cleaning and oxygen enrichment of water to improve the state of the living environment of the inhabitants of the aquarium. So you can definitely say: yes, the filter is needed.

Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Such a device is a small cylinder with side suction openings with a pump attached to it. In the case is one or more filters. In the simplest embodiment, the filter element is foam rubber. Water under the action of pressure, passing through the porous structure of foam rubber, leaves all the garbage in the cells, and returns back to the aquarium.

Saprophytic bacteria accumulate in the foam rubber, colonies of these microorganisms purify the water in the aquarium from organic waste, turning them into inorganic substances. The device looks like a glass. Aquarists often call him that.

What is different from the outside

External filter – it is a hermetically sealed container with filtration material inside, which has two tubes. Through one water enters the device, through the other – back into the aquarium is already purified. As the name implies, it is attached outside the aquarium.

Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

In relation to the internal has both a number of advantages and disadvantages. Among the advantages are the following:

  • choose the fillers yourself;
  • less often requires washing;
  • higher performance than internal;
  • large amount of filter materials;
  • the possibility of "upgrade" (heater, UV sterilizer, etc.).
Read more:  Top 10 Fish Tank Filters

Among the shortcomings we note:

Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

  • high (compared to internal) noise level;
  • flushing takes longer than the internal, although less frequent;
  • less reliable (under certain circumstances it is possible to flood the neighbors from below, while if the internal filter breaks, all the water remains in the aquarium);
  • The price is much higher.

How to choose

If you decide to opt for an Fish Tank Filter of the internal type, things are easy: find the one that suits you completely in terms of technical characteristics, price and, possibly, appearance.

Specifications

The main technical characteristic to which attention should be paid is – this is performance. Also see if the force and direction of flow is regulated, if there is an additional section to fill with coal.

Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Such indicators as power consumption, of course, should be taken into account, but with modern devices, even in different price categories, this indicator is not very different.

Bundle and build quality

When choosing a filter, pay attention to the following details in the configuration:

  • quality sponge and cleaning cassettes;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • the complexity of the design of the removable part;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • quality suction cups;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • easy disassembly of the case.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Manufacturers

Leading filter brands – “Sera”, “Fluval”, “Aquael”, “Eheim”, “Tetra”, “Barbus”. These manufacturers have proven themselves in this niche quite well and produce devices designed for a very different user:

  • for example, a Russian-Chinese company "Barbus" produces devices of budget class, but of quite decent quality;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • polish "Aquael»Differs in some original solutions: there are devices in the line that can be mounted horizontally. Compact, but powerful enough, due to increase in a filtering surface, the Unifilter model;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • Deutsch "Eheim" is the elite in this segment, its only drawback is the ceramic axis of the impeller, so it must be disassembled very carefully for cleaning;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • Italian technology "Fluval"- long-lived and recognized leader. His model “Fluval4 Plus” has an interesting detail – the indicator of the power of the flow of water;
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  • Germanic "Sera", on the combination of price and quality, perhaps the best option.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Price categories

Internal filters for the aquarium cost $ 10-40. There are, of course, exceptions both to the larger and to the smaller side. But for this amount you can buy a very decent machine, it makes no sense to overpay for such a device, and for a smaller amount you are unlikely to get a filter of more or less normal quality.

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How to install

Installing an internal filter is usually not a big deal, but still you need to know some nuances:

  1. To begin with, water should be poured into the aquarium (at least half, the filter should not be idling).
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  2. Dry all parts of the device before assembling them.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  3. The filter is attached to the suction cup in such a way that the surface is about 3 cm, and the device should not touch the bottom. In the event that the depth is small, try to leave a greater distance from the surface, but remember that the device should not lie on the bottom.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  4. The device must be turned off while immersing it in water.
  5. The air intake tube is brought out, and it is desirable to have a lock for it.
  6. The distance to the outlet must be chosen so that the wire hangs freely, without the slightest tension. If everything is ready, you can turn on the network.
  7. Look, if there is a flow, then you did everything right.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Video: how to install an internal filter

The valve serves to regulate the pressure and direction of the flow of water after cleaning. But before doing adjustment, you should turn off the device from the network, do not forget about it.

How often to wash and how to clean

It is necessary to distinguish between complete cleaning of the filter and simply washing the sponge. The sponge should be washed as it is polluted; you can even remove it every time you add water and rinse it several times in the drained aquarium water (if necessary). But the capital cleaning of the device is carried out on average once every two months. This is done as follows:

  1. Turn off the filter and remove it from the water.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  2. Remove the glass and remove the sponge from the device.
  3. The sponge is washed with water drained from the aquarium, so we keep the colonies of saprophytes, which is home to a sponge.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  4. The housing of the device with a brush (it is convenient to use a toothbrush) and running water should be thoroughly cleaned.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  5. The rotor of the device, like all other parts, is also perfectly cleaned with a toothbrush.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation
  6. After all parts have been cleaned and cleaned, reassemble the device and reinstall it.
    Aquarium Internal Filter Rules For The Selection, Installation And Operation

Video: How to clean the Fish Tank Filter

Read more:  Selection And Installation Of The Internal Filter In The Aquarium

Fish Tank Filter – An important detail that will help keep the water clean, and thus protect the inhabitants of the aquarium from various diseases. Knowing the features of these devices and the rules for their selection, you can easily select a device for your home pond.