How And What To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

If your immediate plans include the purchase of an aquarium, then we recommend reading this article more than carefully. It will be about how to clean the filter in the aquarium. It would seem that the procedure at first glance is quite simple. Indeed, experienced aquarists cope with this routine task in minutes. However, beginning fans of the “sea behind glass” may have dozens of questions. For example, how often should the filter be washed in an aquarium? We will try to answer this and other questions right now.

General characteristics of the filter for the aquarium

The Fish Tank Filter is an obligatory, significant piece of equipment that ensures the process of water purification from food residues, fish waste products and other non-healthy organic matter. Eliminating harmful toxic substances, it saturates water with oxygen. Like any cleaning system, the filter itself also needs regular maintenance. How often does an Fish Tank Filter require cleaning? To correctly answer this question, a number of factors must be taken into account:

  • filter size in the aquarium;
  • type of filtering;
  • tank volume and amount of vegetation in it.
How And What To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Very small constructions can be easily washed weekly, and the large ones do their job for a month or even longer, so they do not need such frequent cleaning. Be sure to follow the pressure of the water from the filter. As a rule, if it is visibly weakened, then it is impossible to postpone cleaning.

Important: between cleaning the water, the soil in the aquarium and washing the filter should take about a week. During this time, the fish will have time to get used to the new environment before the next "shake" of the ecosystem.

On average, both internal and external filters in an aquarium should be cleaned no more than twice a week. Before proceeding directly to the washing process, we strongly recommend that you familiarize yourself with the instructions for your equipment and make sure that there are no specific instructions or nuances regarding cleaning. And another important factor, without which it is impossible to properly and efficiently wash the filter – this is the type of filtration in the aquarium.

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Determine the type of filtering

If you are a responsible, compassionate buyer, then you probably saved the packaging from the equipment and instructions to it. In this situation, determine the type of your filter will not be difficult. Otherwise, you must carefully examine the device in order to further wash the filter for the aquarium as required by the instructions. There are four types of filters:

  • mechanical;
  • chemical;
  • biological;
  • multisection.

The first is the most common option. It is used for most aquariums. As a rule, the mechanical filter in the aquarium is the easiest to clean. The design is arranged in such a way that water is filtered through a porous sponge. It copes with the absorption of waste products aquarium inhabitants. But for effective filter operation it is necessary to regularly replace the sponge.

Chemical filtration is rarely used. It is set for a period after the treatment of fish to remove residual chemicals from the water. For water purification, a peat or coal plate is provided, which after the procedure must be disposed of.

Biological filter is the most difficult to care for. Its filtering system is based on the activity of a group of beneficial bacteria. Improper care and failure to comply with the rules during washing can cause their death, which in turn is fraught with a complete replacement of the structure.

The multisection filter carries out at once three types of cleaning. It is logical that care for him requires an individual approach. It is recommended to wash the sponge on a weekly basis, the peat bag requires cleaning no more than once a month, and gravel, an element of biological cleaning, should preferably be washed once every two months.

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Let’s figure out how to effectively and properly clean each of the above filters for the aquarium.

How And What To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

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External type filter cleaning technology

The algorithm of actions to clean the filter depends on its type. Despite this, there is a generally accepted scheme and some nuances, the observance of which is extremely important. So, we have already figured out how often you need to clean the filter in the aquarium. It’s time to learn how to do it. According to the general recommendations, the sequence of your actions should be as follows:

  1. disconnect the filter from the power supply;
  2. disconnect the external filter block from the aquarium;
  3. carefully, in order not to damage the ceramic axis, pull out the rotor;
  4. wash the rotor under running water;
  5. similarly, wash all other filter parts under running water;
  6. use a toothbrush or ear stick to clean the filter nozzle;
  7. we collect a design and we establish in a former position.
  8. We connect the filter to the network.

There is nothing difficult, the main thing is to follow the sequence of actions. Once again, we remind you that too often you do not need to clean the external filter in the aquarium, as you would not want to. The fact is that the bacteria that live on the cleaning plates, the sponge, regulate the extent to which decay products enter the water. Extremely negative and even destructive influence on them such external factors as:

  • Chlorinated tap water;
  • frequent, sudden changes in temperature;
  • changing pH levels;
  • active mechanical cleaning.
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In order not to disturb the biological balance in the aquatic environment of the aquarium, change the filter sponge in the external filter no more than once a year. At the same time, in the internal filter it is ideal to replace only half of it at a time. Thus, the remaining bacteria will gradually inhabit the new surface of the sponge, maintaining the bio-balance in the aquarium environment.

Impeller care

Any Fish Tank Filter is equipped with such an important detail as an impeller. Externally, it is a cylindrical magnet with an impeller. It is mounted on a ceramic, in some cases, a metal pin. Its main function is to provide water flow. During the operation of algae, bacteria and other environmental pollution clog its cavity, making it difficult to operate as a whole. Cleaning this part of the external filter for the aquarium in this case is inevitable. Produce it this way:

  1. remove the impeller from the pin;
  2. wash it under running water;
  3. Wipe the pin with a rag.

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Many aquarium owners forget about this simple procedure. As a result, the filtration system fails. In order to perform cleaning on time, we recommend marking the days of cleaning in a notebook or pocket calendar.

Caring for an aquarium is quite a feasible task, even for a child! The main thing to remember is that such mandatory procedures as cleaning the external filter for the aquarium, washing the soil, cleaning the water and interior decorations should be carried out regularly and correctly. Observing all these conditions, you will ensure the smooth operation of all components of the structure and, as a result, the perfect appearance of the aquarium.