Most beginner aquarists are faced with this issue, because everyone knows that the filter in the aquarium refers to the basic equipment. The health of your pets and the beauty of the underwater world behind the glass depend on a properly selected Fish Tank Filter. It is on the filtering element that beneficial microorganisms settle, which guard the positive biochemical balance of the entire ecosystem in the aquarium. The correct operation of the filter depends largely on the ability to care for it, and this is the main reason why problems associated with the appearance of water turbidity, algae outbreaks or fish diseases can appear in the aquarium.
Do I need to clean the filter?
Answering this question you need to immediately say that yes. The filter is intended to trap, above all, small particles in the aquarium water, therefore, its performance and quality of cleaning will depend entirely on the purity of the filter element. But you should not get involved in the content of the filter element in a constant purity. An Fish Tank Filter differs from a plumbing one in that microorganisms useful for the aquarium environment are settled on its surface, as already described. And the constant cleaning of the filter will destroy the colonies of these beneficial bacteria, so everything must be done in moderation.
Basically, most aquarists use two types of filters in their aquariums:
All types of filters are identical in their principle of operation and all have filter elements that must be periodically cleaned. The frequency of cleaning the filter elements is determined experimentally, for each aquarium separately and depends on the size of the filter and the load on it (the number of fish in the aquarium and the frequency of feeding). On average, if the filter is chosen correctly and there are no aquarium overcrowding in an aquarium, then the practice of most aquarists can be guided by:
- Internal filters – every 2-3 weeks;
- External filters – every 1-2 months.
Therefore, the more fish live in an aquarium, the more often it is necessary to clean the filter element. Determine your frequency of cleaning the filter element is not difficult, everything is determined by the pressure of the water coming out of the filter. To do this, you only need to lean your hand against the pump nozzle, and participate with what pressure a jet of outgoing water beats, as the filter element becomes clogged, the pressure will decrease and you will feel it. As a rule, this procedure is carried out after the next water change in the aquarium.
How to clean the Fish Tank Filter?
In most cases, the filter element of any filter is a sponge, in simple terms, a scourge, which clogs up. In order to properly clean such a filter element, the aquarist needs to know the following: in order not to destroy the colonies of beneficial bacteria living in the filter element, in some case it can not be flushed out of the tap, especially with hot water. Cleaning the filter and washing it should be done in a tank filled with aquarium water. In other words, the sponge should be taken a few times in this water, this will remove all mechanical suspensions and preserve useful colonies of bacteria.
If several filters are installed in the aquarium, they should be cleaned with a shift of 1-2 weeks, this will preserve the biological balance in the aquarium ecosystem.
The filter element is replaced by a new one in the event that its integrity begins to break, this is due to long-term operation and negligence.
Cleaning and maintenance of Fish Tank Filter
All filter elements are disassembled and washed with running water. If there is a strong pollution in the form of algae after long-term operation, it is recommended to leave these elements in boiling water for a few minutes to kill the algae, after which they can be easily removed with a brush or kitchen sponge.
We should not forget that the filter performance depends on the state of the impeller, which is an impeller with an electromagnet mounted on the axis of rotation. The entry of contaminants into the gap between the filter housing and the impeller electromagnet reduces its efficiency in pumping water and may contribute to the failure of the entire filter. Therefore, for the purpose of preventive maintenance, it is recommended to impeller, also removed from the axis and subjected to mechanical cleaning.
In conclusion, I would like to say that if you follow these rules for cleaning and maintaining an Fish Tank Filter, you will be able to maintain a positive biological balance in the aquarium, as well as extend the life of your filter equipment.