10 naive questions novice aquarist
So you decided get aquarium fish and do not know where to start? Meanwhile, you do not even suspect that the creation of the unique beauties of the underwater world is accessible to everyone. One has only to follow the necessary rules, which we will talk about today.
How to choose the heater for the aquarium?
Water temperature is of great importance for the life of fish and aquarium plants. And in the winter in our apartments without a heater in the aquarium is not enough.
How to choose it correctly? To maintain the temperature one degree above the surrounding water for each liter of water, it is necessary to heat the power: for a 25-liter aquarium — 0.2 W, 50-liter — 0.13 W, 100-liter — 0.1 W and 200-liter — 0 , 07 W. Recall that this is only one degree per one liter. This figure must be multiplied by the number of liters of your tank and the desired number of degrees. For example, if you have a 100-liter aquarium and you want to increase the temperature by 6 degrees, you need a 60-watt heater (0.1 W x 100 L x 6 degrees = 60 W).
What inventory is needed for aquarium equipment?
For the equipment of the aquarium you will need: a lamp, an electric heater, a thermometer, compresses, a net, a filter or a pump, a feeding trough.
What is the lighting in the aquarium?
Many novice aquarists are mistaken, considering that the lighting in the aquarium is purely decorative.
In fact, this is far from the case. In addition to the decorative function of the lighting performs a very important – physiological. Constant content in the dark causes prolonged stress in animals. Light is necessary for all the inhabitants of the aquarium. But here, as indeed, everywhere, you need to know when to stop. Little light in the aquarium – the plants will grow poorly and be covered with brown bloom. A lot is also bad, the water is turning green and blooming.
How to perform lighting aquarium?
Experts recommend counting the lighting from the ratio: about 1 watt per liter of water. For example: you have an aquarium of 50 liters, respectively, you will need a light bulb with a capacity of approximately 50 watts.
The classic option: front-top lighting, that is, from the front upper edge of the aquarium, the light is directed to the rear window. Sometimes internal light is also used when a hermetically sealed cartridge with a lamp is installed at the bottom of the aquarium. The internal light also has a heating function.
Light day should be at least 10-16 hours.
Glass or plastic aquarium?
Categorically state which one is better, probably not. Professionals successfully exploit both. Better we call you the pros and cons of those and others, and you choose.
+ Easy to clean and not scratched with a scraper.
– When water and glass interact, leaching of glass occurs and as a result, the level of water acidity in the aquarium changes.
+ Plastic, unlike glass, does not break and is a safer material in this respect.
– It is easily scratched and quickly loses an attractive look. In this case, it should be carefully cleaned with a nylon sponge or nylon bag with fine salt.
+ According to aquarists, caviar of such fish as neon dies more often in a glass aquarium than in a plastic aquarium.
So to say plastic is worse than glass or vice versa. Rather, it is a matter of taste.
Do I need soil in the aquarium?
Of course! This is not only a beautiful decoration, but also a natural filter. And one more interesting detail: if there is no ground, then the fish will be afraid of the mirror surface of an empty day.
As the soil is best to use coarse river sand or pebbles, at least 5-8 mm in size. Fine sand is not recommended. The smaller the grains of sand, the faster they coagulate and, thus, the gas exchange of the soil is disturbed, as a result of which the activity of the beneficial microorganisms stops and the soil rots.
It is desirable to lay the soil on the bottom with a layer of 4 to 7 cm, moreover, distributing it at the rear wall more height than the front.
Many types of fish like to rummage in the ground, for them it is physiologically necessary. And fry of catfish after a meal must necessarily rub on it with the abdomen for normal digestion.
Rinse the soil thoroughly before putting it in the aquarium until the water is clear. And then it must be boiled for 15 minutes in order to destroy harmful microorganisms.
Round or rectangular?
For fish a rectangular aquarium is more convenient. Its easier to equip. But to equip a round aquarium, you need a little ingenuity. By the way, all the frivolous fishes in a round aquarium, as a rule, do not breed. In such a reservoir it is better to place guppies, swordtails, pecels, molines and other viviparous fishes.
Do I need aeration in the aquarium?
Needed Round-the-clock aeration saturates water with oxygen, equalizes the temperature in all layers of water, stabilizes the redox potential of water. In addition, a stream of air bubbles sets water in motion, and in flowing water the fish grow and reproduce better.
The aerator should be set up so that there are as many small bubbles as possible. It can be disguised at the bottom under a pile of stones or hidden behind a bark, and from under it it will be effective to beat a stream of air.
Piranha Natterer (Pygocentrus nattereri)
What plants are better, artificial or live?
For decorative purposes in minimal quantities suitable and artificial. They are convenient because they require almost no care, and sometimes look better than real ones. But this, living vegetation, they will not replace. After all, aquatic plants provide a biological balance in the reservoir, and many types of fish simply need plant food. For example, a fish like mollies without live grass may die. It should also be remembered that any live grass produces oxygen, which is necessary for the life of fish.
But for spawning many fish is better to use artificial. It is easier to keep caviar on it.
Small or large aquarium?
It all depends on the area of your apartment and on your desire. But, in general, it is recommended not more than 50 liters per 1 square. meter of usable area. That is, if you live in a hotel of 20 square meters, you can afford an aquarium of 1000 liters.
And also, it depends on the fish that you will keep. It is recommended to colonize the home water reservoir at the rate of: one liter of water per centimeter of length of each fish. If you want to keep big fish, select a glass house for them accordingly.
It should be remembered that the larger the aquarium, then, oddly enough, it is easier to care for it. Because biological balance is established there faster and conditions will be more stable. Large aquarium – it is from 150 liters and above.
How To Use Aquarium Filter || Internal Power Filter
This video is about how to use aquarium internal filter and talked about some of the misconception about internal power filters.
Hope this video clears all the doubts about aquarium filter especially internal power filters. Thanks.
The filter i used is SOBO WP850F
Source: Educate Your Friend Newspaper, 2000