Aquarium is able to become a real home decoration. However, for this to be so, it is necessary to maintain its purity. You should regularly clean the walls, bottom, decorative elements and filter aquarium. You also need to ensure that the water remains clear. Do not forget about the fish. Improper care of the aquarium can harm them. Therefore, acquiring such a product, you must be ready to constantly take care of its appearance and internal content.
How often do I need to wash the aquarium?
Clean the aquarium regularly. The frequency of cleaning depends on several factors:
- the appearance of the product;
- its size;
- condition and number of fish;
- the presence of decorative elements and vegetation;
- indicators of devices installed in the aquarium.
Usually, a scheduled cleansing is carried out 1-2 times a week.
In addition, you can understand that the aquarium requires cleaning if:
- The walls were covered with greenish bloom, and the movement of fish causes the dirt to rise from the bottom.
- The water has become completely transparent. This may indicate excess nitrogen in the composition of the water. In this case, the fish may suffer.
Clean the aquarium properly, following the sequence of certain steps.
The sequence of actions when cleaning the aquarium at home:
- removal of plaque from the walls;
- cleaning the bottom, including decorative elements and vegetation;
- ground siphon;
- filter cleaning;
- topping up clean water.
Before cleaning, disconnect the product from the power supply. Enabled to leave only external filters.
For starters, you can add a little hydrogen peroxide to your tank. It fills water with oxygen and fights against algae, harmful microorganisms, polyps. It is necessary to add peroxide very carefully. First, it is diluted with water in a separate container in the ratio of 1:20. Then the resulting solution is poured into the stream of the Fish Tank Filter. In an hour, it is necessary to siphon the soil with water replacement by 30-50%, since there will be a lot of dead algae and bacteria in the water.
You can not pour pure hydrogen peroxide directly into the aquarium. There is a risk of burning fish or plants.
Algae bloom constantly accumulates on the glass walls. It makes the glass cloudy and gives the product a sloppy look.
You can remove plaque with scrapers or a sponge.
The metal blade scraper has a long handle, so it is convenient for them to clean the walls from algae. Instead, these devices can be used stationery knife.
These tools can not be used if the walls are made of organic glass, as it is subject to the formation of scratches.
Plexiglass is suitable for cleaning with a magnetic scraper. To clean the walls with such a scraper, simply move them around the outside of the aquarium.
In the process of cleansing does not have to remove the cover of the product and wet hands. In addition, the magnetic scraper does not scratch the glass.
But this device has a disadvantage – it is sometimes difficult to clean the corners and other hard-to-reach places.
If there were no special scrapers on hand, you can use a household washcloth. In this case, it will be necessary to clean the walls from the inside. This method is considered the most inconvenient, since it is necessary to clean the algae manually. In addition, you can not use washcloth plexiglass.
After these procedures, an algal bloom remains in the water. It is not necessary to clean it, because the remains of algae can eat fish. That which is not eaten by the inhabitants of the aquarium will be removed when draining water.
After cleansing the walls need to put in order the bottom. This is important because it is there that silt accumulates, food remains and fish excrement. If you do not clean the bottom for a long time, microorganisms dangerous to fish may appear in the aquarium.
Therefore, you can not ignore and skip cleaning the aquarium bottom.
Cleaning the scenery and vegetation
First you need to get removable decorations and clean them with a sponge or brush. Detergents can not be used. Decorations that can not be removed, you need to clean right in the aquarium.
Then you need to process aquarium vegetation. To do this, remove the damaged leaves, prune long shoots and remove excess plants. Tear them out with the root should be carefully, trying to pick up as little dirt as possible.
Vegetation should not be too thick. Otherwise, it will block the light and interfere with the fish.
If in the aquarium live capricious fish, should be weeding as little as possible. Mud and plant juice in the water will harm them.
To reduce the amount of algae, you can make special algae fish.
If the algae grow very quickly and at the same time they are brown, then you should pay attention to the general condition of the aquarium.
When the scenery and vegetation are in order, you need to drain the dirty water and clean the bottom. This procedure is called the ground “siphon”. You can use a special aquarium fixture – siphon. Instead, you can take the usual hose.
- Place one end of the hose in water and put the other into a bucket;
- through the second end you need to suck the air for a few seconds;
- after that the water will pour from the aquarium into the bucket;
- the end of the hose that is lowered into the tank should be cleaned;
- they first clean the places near the walls, since it is there that a large amount of dirt accumulates;
- then you need to hold a hose near the bottom of all open areas.
It is also worth pushing stones and other decorative elements. Under them are often a lot of fish excrement.
If in the aquarium live small fish, then you need to act very carefully. They can get into the bucket through the hose. In this case, they should be caught and returned to the aquarium.
No need to drain all the water. Usually, 20-50% of water is changed in one cleaning. To accurately determine how much water needs to be replaced, it is worth taking nitrite tests. The nitrite content in an aquarium where ordinary fish live should not exceed 20-30 mg / l. Some fish love clean water, so the concentration of this substance should be kept at a level no higher than 5-10 mg / l.
Completely drain water only in emergency cases. For example, after the epidemic. Immediately return the fish to the aquarium with new water is impossible. We’ll have to wait a few weeks to form an environment suitable for fish life.
How to clean the filter?
When the Fish Tank Filter becomes dirty, its jet becomes weak. Routine cleaning of internal filters with sponges should be done every one or two weeks.
To clean the filter, remove the accumulated debris from it using water drained from the aquarium. This is necessary in order not to harm the microorganisms that live in the filter and carry out biofiltration. It is advisable to take relatively clean water, rather than liquid after the ground siphon.
It is necessary to clean porous filter fillers less often – once in two or three months.
The rotary head is cleaned with a cotton swab moistened with plain water. Do not use detergents.
After cleaning it is necessary to add clean water to the aquarium. To do this, it must be kept at least for a day and be at the same temperature as the water drained from the aquarium.
Clean water is poured with a hose or a ladle. It depends on the size of the aquarium.
Do not pour water directly on the ground, as it can be washed away by a stream. Pour water on a saucer.
After the water is poured, the filter and other devices are connected to the network. It is necessary to trace the condition of the fish and the work of the aquarium.
When the dregs which have risen after cleaning will settle down, the aquarium will become pure.
Approach to cleaning the aquarium should be very serious. It is important not only to clean the product, but also to preserve an environment that is favorable for the life of the fish. Then the aquarium will decorate the house, and healthy fish will be pleasing to the eye for a long time.