General installation rules
At the moment there are three types of modern water purifiers in domestic water bodies. The choice should be made after the user has decided on the volume of the installed home decorative pond:
External devices are also called canister. As can be judged by the name, they are installed on the outside of the tank. Into the interior of the device is lowered or through a special pre-made hole is mounted a hose that carries a special outlet function.
If a novice gets on the path of breeding fish, he purifies water with the help of ordinary internal devices. Such devices are also called "glasses". They are most often seen in offices and residential areas.
There are several important rules that need to be taken into account in the process of deciding how to install a filter in an aquarium. Here are the most basic ones:
- Before installation, it is important to fill about half the tank with water. The device should not work in a completely empty container.
- All elements before final assembly must be very dry.
- If the installation of an internal device equipped with suction cups is carried out, it is necessary to ensure that the distance from the surface is at least 3 cm and at the same time that the casing does not touch the bottom. If the depth is small, you can sacrifice the distance from above, but it is important to ensure that there is no contact with the bottom. If the device protrudes above the surface, the water will evaporate a little faster, you need to follow this.
- The device must be immersed only in the off state.
- The tube through which air is drawn must be led outside. This will be an advantage when fixing the part.
- The wire should simply and freely hang from the installed outlet.
After complying with all installation rules, the device can be plugged in. If a characteristic flow is formed, it can be judged that the processes were performed correctly.
- The device is assembled according to the recommendations that are set out in a special instruction.
- The device is fastened to the vessel wall with a special vacuum method. Reliability of fastening is based on the availability of special suction cups.
- Installation should be carried out by means of a full immersion device. Above the highest point of the fixture, the liquid should be in a volume of about 5 cm.
- A tube is securely attached to the nozzle, which will serve to effectively supply air masses.
- Another edge needs to be installed on the outer side of the reservoir.
Before first switching on, it is advisable to remove living creatures from the tank If the startup process showed no problems, you can run the fish. During operation, it is required to adjust the power level, setting it in a special position of optimal average power.
Experts call the external device a “canister”. The installation of an external filter in an aquarium is usually done in a bedside table under a decorative pond and preferably slightly below the level of the filled water. The installation process is carried out according to the following rather simple scheme:
- The device needs to be prepared for operation.
- The flask is lowered into the flasher and simultaneously releasing the hoses.
- Inclusion is in progress.
Such simplicity is manifested only initially. This filter setting will be correct only to ensure optimal aesthetic appeal. To improve the functioning of the device, many professionals attach hoses through specially prepared holes located closer to the bottom of the reservoir.
In direct proportion to the type of instrument, the pump included in the package can be raised to a height of approximately three meters. Such an arrangement can lead to a fairly large consumption of the power level, as well as an increase in energy costs.
It is for this reason that many users decide to install the device on the rear wall of the container or from the side of it. The optimum height will be a level approximately equal to the middle of the total volume of water. It is not entirely aesthetically pleasing, but you can get significant energy savings.
Among the categories inside the filter located especially can be distinguished bottom devices. From the name of this device, it becomes clear that it should be placed exclusively at the bottom of the reservoir. Such a device is preferred if there is a very small amount in the reservoir or if there is no ordinary ornamental vegetation.
The device is distinguished by a relatively thin plate and an internal filtering material. There are also a number of holes intended for the flow of water. The plate is simply placed on the bottom of the tank with plastic tubes attached to it, and that is enough.
Before placing the device, it is necessary to remove the gravel and lay down a small plastic frame. It will raise the false bottom approximately 2-3 mm. It remains to put, close the device and run.
In the presented video you can find information about how to install a common indoor device for water purification. Given information on the design features and recommendations on how to properly put a filter in the aquarium for cleaning.
In order for the device to last as long as possible, it is required not only to observe how it should stand, but to comply with certain preventive measures:
- Regular cleaning of the device from dirt;
- It is strictly forbidden to leave the device in the water in a completely off state. This will lead to poisoning of aquatic creatures;
- Before putting your hands in the water, you need to turn off the device;
- It is possible to start the cleaner into operation after full immersion in water;
- Before cleaning the device, it is important to completely disconnect all equipment from the network and only then remove it from the water.
To external equipment for the aquarium lasts as long as possible, it is better to immediately pick up such a device, which was produced by a reliable manufacturer.
The external filter contains a larger amount of filtration material, therefore, as a rule, it provides not only mechanical and chemical, but also biological water purification. A large area of the filtering membrane serves as a housing for more nitrifying bacteria and nitrobacteria, the colonies of which decompose dissolved organics to less toxic compounds.
For this reason, and in view of the high performance of the devices, the installation of an external filter is provided for aquariums over 200 liters. Some aquarists equip them with smaller reservoirs but not less than 100 liters.
At the same time, the only drawback of canister devices is the risk of water leaking from the external tank. This may occur if the pads are worn. Some manufacturers took care of this problem and developed a leakage protection system.
Despite the comparatively expensive, external filters are easy to install and install. The myth of the difficulties of installing an external filter in an aquarium should not push to the choice of familiar, but less efficient, immersion models.
1. Choosing a place for the canister. The design of the filter involves two ways of placing the canister: above or below the water level. The first option allows you to hide the body of the device in the tank cabinet and not to force the apartment bulky technique.
2. Assembling the filter. Assembly of the filter is carried out according to the instructions. The process is quite easy. It is necessary to put a filter sponge or other cartridge, as well as a layer of biomaterial into the flask of the device, in the lower half of the canister.
3. Placement of hoses. Hoses for collecting dirty water and supplying filtered water are placed in opposite corners of the aquarium, which increases work efficiency and creates the necessary circular circulation.
As soon as all elements are inserted into the device, it is necessary to open the retractable hose and wait until the filter is full. After that, the first hose is closed and the second one is inserted into the hole. When air comes out of the tubes, you can test the equipment.
4. Turn on the device. Before switching on the filter, it is necessary to open the valves on both hoses. It is highly desirable, though not fundamentally, to put the fish out before loading the filtration system. After that, an exact power adjustment of the device is carried out.
The Fish Tank Filter is one of the most important parts in a home water reservoir that prolongs the life of waterfowl pets. Purity depends on it, because the device provides mechanical and biological cleaning, as well as saturates water with oxygen.
The installation of this device may be different, depending on its type and purpose.
It is sometimes difficult for a beginner aquarist to disassemble the instructions attached to the filter, so it is worthwhile to consider in detail the types of Fish Tank Filters and the rules for their installation.
In order to choose the right filter for a home water reservoir, it is worth starting from the volume of the aquarium, its features and the pets living in it, plants.
Internal filters are located inside a small aquarium and mounted on suction cups. They are the simplest type of filtering device, because the liquid penetrates into it, is cleaned, passing through cotton wool and foam rubber, and then is discharged through the upper hoses.
How to install a filter in the aquarium. Board
Without a special filter that cleans the water, not one, not even the smallest aquarium, will do.
This equipment is intended for biological, mechanical and chemical water purification and provides comfortable living conditions for all inhabitants of your home underwater world.
In this article, a collection of tips AnyDayLife will tell you how to install a filter in the aquarium.
Water filters are among the equipment for the aquarium, without which the maintenance of fish is impossible.
Filters remove sludge particles from water, if necessary, alter the chemical parameters of water, adjusting its hardness and acidity, remove drugs and products of nitrogen metabolism of fish and other aquatic inhabitants.
This type of filter is placed inside the aquarium. Internal Fish Tank Filters are airlift and pump action. This equipment is one of the cheapest, but has several disadvantages.
For example, the device requires regular weekly cleaning, takes up space in the aquarium and creates a certain noise, but still such filters are considered the most common.
Despite the fact that the design of the internal filter is quite simple, novice aquarists may encounter some difficulties when installing it. This device is installed when the ground is laid in the aquarium, the plants are planted and it is half filled with water. Before connecting to the network, the device must first be assembled and installed in an aquarium.
The internal filter is immersed in water completely, so that from 2 to 4 cm of water remains above it, and it should not touch the bottom of the aquarium. The device is attached to the walls of the aquarium with suction cups. It also comes with a small flexible hose.
This is an air supply hose. One end of it is fixed on the corresponding filter hole, and the other end is brought out and fixed on the upper edge of the aquarium wall on a special attachment.
For air to be drawn correctly, the hose must be above the water level.
Remember that you can turn on the filter only when it is completely immersed in water, and before you get it out of the water, you need to disconnect the device from the network. Do not forget that you can not leave the filter turned off in the water, and even more so to turn it on after being idle without prior cleaning.
In contrast to the internal external filter for the aquarium and its maintenance is much more expensive, but this is offset by the advantages of such a device.
Its fillers and filter materials do not need frequent replacement, the device works quietly, especially if it is designed for 40-80 liters, and biological filtering is present in this filter.
This type of filters is used only by experienced aquarists, because during the operation of the device it is important to follow a number of rules.
When installing this type of filter, be sure to follow the instructions for the device.
First you need to collect the filter itself and all of its internal sponges and fillers, while blocking two cranes to which the hoses will be connected.
Such a filter is set only significantly lower (not less than 20 cm) water level. The external filter kit will have two hoses for intake and discharge of water. They must be mounted in different ends of the aquarium.
Ensure that no water flows out of the hole for the second hose. When the filter is full, turn off the inlet hose. Then connect the hose to release the water, turn off the valve, fill the hose with water and only then connect it to the outlet in the aquarium.
Only after such manipulations open both valves of the filter and connect the device to the electrical network.
Fish Tank Filters and filtration methods
The filter for an aquarium is a life support system for any aquarium. Fish produce various wastes and if they are not removed, pollution can lead to the death of the fish, as they will not be able to survive in their own waste.
The water in the aquarium has limited volumes and we cannot change the water all the time, so we use technical developments and some help from mother nature to establish effective filtration.
Filtration keeps the water clean by mixing it and removing various slurry and fish waste. Without filtration, aquarium water may quickly become cloudy and an unpleasant odor will appear.
Worse, in such water, fish often get sick and even die.
When it comes to filtering water, it can be done in three ways: mechanically, biologically, chemically – using various fillers for Fish Tank Filters. – traps debris and particulate matter in water.
sponge or filter fibers. – this is the processing of fish excrements and other organic particles into less harmful forms, perhaps the most important in an aquarium, because without it fish can die from ammonia poisoning.
Biological filler is home to nitrifying bacteria. The greater its quantity / volume, the greater the area of the useful surface and the more bacteria can live there.
These microorganisms consume a lot of oxygen coming to them from the pumped water, so the long shutdown of the filter leads to their death due to lack of oxygen.
Dead bacteria emit substances hazardous to fish, so when the filter is turned off for more than one hour, it is necessary to thoroughly rinse the filter sponge to avoid the ingress of poison into the aquarium water.
The biological filter / material should not be washed under a tap, as chlorine and chloramine will kill the bacteria. It should be washed with water taken from the aquarium, this water should not be poured back.
An example of a biological filter material is ceramic rings or plastic balls. The sponge will also work as a biological filter.
For the formation of new beneficial bacteria takes time, so the filter should work all the time and off for a maximum of one hour.
often used to fine tune aquarium water. The most well known is activated carbon; it absorbs any impurities from water and makes it crystal clear and odorless. Coal filler is good because it is more porous and has a large absorbing surface area.
Resins are also used as chemical fillers for filters and can be used to remove phosphates, nitrates and other organic pollutants.
They can be used along with other filter media to control the development of algae in your tank.
Internal filters are located inside the aquarium, respectively, while external filters are located under the aquarium in the cabinet / stand, are mounted on the back of the aquarium or can be built into its cover, above the water level.
1. Aeration device. The movable outlet tube changes the direction of water flow. The power regulator makes it possible to reduce or increase the flow of water. Built-in heater. Built-in UV sterilizer.
The power indicator helps determine the strength of the water jet and the pump performance. Electronic module with software. This is by far the most popular and most suitable filter for small aquariums and novice aquarists.
In fact, the device of all internal filters is the same: aquarium water is passed through the filtering material. Filtering materials are located in a plastic container, in the walls of which there are holes for the passage of water.
Water is passed through the filter using an electric pump located in the upper section of the filter. The lower part of the filter is removable and resembles a hollow glass, in which filter materials are laid.
The device and the principle of operation of internal filters. Some internal pump filters are supplied with a water flow regulator and an aeration device that supplies air to the water. Although traditionally available such as mechanical and biological filters, modern internal filters are equipped with other additional options.
1. Find a suitable place in the aquarium for the internal filter. Installing the filter in the far corner makes it easy to hide the tubes and equipment behind plants and other decorations. Insert a new replacement filter media.
Place the filter in the aquarium and press the suction cups against the glass. Make sure the filter is securely fastened. Double check that the filter is immersed in water, then plug the power cord into an electrical outlet or power strip.
You will see bubbles coming out of the filter as soon as it starts to pass water through the cartridge. Options for placing the internal filter. Internal pump filters are the most widely used type of Fish Tank Filter.
This is especially true for small and medium-sized aquariums, in large aquariums, as a rule, it is better to install together with an external canister filter.
External filters are larger and more powerful than most internal filters and can accommodate much more filter media, offering better cleaning and support for more fish. External filters are not particularly interchangeable for large aquariums with a dense landing and with large fish.
The design and principle of operation of external filters. External filters are designed for carrying out various types of filtration – mechanical, biological and chemical; therefore, they are universal. Installed under the aquarium, which provides ease of access and maintenance.
The best of them are the ones that come with the autostart mechanism, which means that they are easily filled and run right on the spot. Air filters for the most part are in the past, but they are still used.
Airlift filters are perhaps the weakest, so they create a slower flow of water and are less likely to be able to suck on small inhabitants. Because of this, pneumatic filter sponges are popular with fish razvodchiki, and in individual use is suitable only for small – nano-aquariums, while air pumps consume a small amount of electricity, offering low operating costs.
Ways to use air filters.
Bottom air filters were once very popular, but they can inhibit plant growth. The bottom filter can be upgraded by installing a power head – a pump.
Which one is better for me?
1. The choice of filter may depend on your budget, experience and the types of fish you want to keep. The quality of filtering depends on the amount of filtering material, so the more, the better – it is in the order of things.
External filters are more expensive, a bit more complicated in technical setup, but they are the best filters for your fish. For small aquariums, an internal pump filter will be sufficient.
Different brands of filters for aquarium can vary significantly in their filtration capacity, noise category and durability. Well-established brands are usually more expensive, but may be more profitable in the long run.