For a man, one of the most placating spectacles is watching how fish swim. This calms the nerves and relaxes the body, and the main is pleasant for the eyes. But for them it is necessary not only to monitor, but also to care. In particular, take care of the purity of the water.
one. Find the right filter for your specific aquarium from a specific manufacturer. Due to a positive choice, you will get rid of further tasks with filters.
2 Talk to experts or vendors, they will help you choose the right filters, tell you how to take care of the aquarium and its inhabitants, how to clean it, how to monitor the degree of clogging.
3 You will get the internal filter suitable for your aquarium. Unpack, read the instructions and try to install it according to the instructions in the aquarium. It must be filled with water. Pull all the fish out of the aquarium, so that they do not interfere with the installation of the filter.
four. Immerse the internal filter in the water, completely, so that from above it covers with water to a depth of about ten – 15 millimeters.
five. Attach to the walls of the aquarium internal filter. They traditionally have velcro, as a result of which they are attached to the walls of the aquarium. This will help fix it on a certain tier and not move in one direction or another.
6 Install the filter so that the tube to which the hose is attached exits. This will facilitate cleaning and give your fish a clean environment in which they will live. Through this tube the waste water comes out, which enters through a sponge located at the end of the filter tube.
7 Turn on the filter in the outlet in order for it to begin to work. Do not forget about safety, including it, checking how it works.
eight. Check if the internal filter is working on your tank. For this you need to bring your hand to the upper outlet, if you feel the stream of water, then the filter works as it should. Take a few minutes to see if it works positively.
9. Place the fish in the aquarium and see if they are comfortable with the filter. If everything is in order, and it works as it should, you can continue to enjoy your pets. Basically, do not forget to feed them and monitor the cleanliness of the aquarium. A clean environment will help them to extend the maximum life and, thereby, longer delight you.
If you decide to install an aquarium at home, then you cannot do without an aquarium. filter . His choice must be treated with special attention, because the quality of water in your underwater kingdom will depend on this unit.
one. Today, there are a lot of varieties of Fish Tank Filters: internal, external, bottom filters, aerators, as well as filters that produce mechanical filter (as filter apply filter thread, sponge or powder), chemical filter (using activated carbon or zeolite), as well as biofilter tion (microbes are used in the filter that purify water from harmful impurities).
2 The filter must be selected based on the volume of the aquarium, as well as the functions that it will have to perform. For example, external filters are comfortable to use, and bottom filters help create more favorable microflora in an aquarium, and they need to be cleaned every two to three years. For small aquariums, a filter aerator, which combines the functions of cleaning and saturating water with oxygen, will be an immaculate option. In any case, before choosing any particular filter, you should consult with an expert.
3 Before installing a filter, carefully read the instructions. If you bought a chemical filter, then you need to fill it with an adsorbent, the one that comes with it.
four. Before installation filter prepare an aquarium. Rinse it thoroughly and fill it with water to check if the seams are leaking. Drain and place the pre-prepared soil on the bottom of the aquarium. If you bought a bottom filter, then it must be installed in advance under the ground. Pour about one third of the water, then plant the plants. If you prefer an internal filter, then it must be installed at the moment. Attach the filter with special velcro or a retaining bracket, and later fill the aquarium with water to the desired level. An external filter is allowed to be installed after filling the aquarium with water.
five. Later filling the aquarium turn on the filter in order to check its operation. While the aquarium will come into balance (about 2 weeks), the filter should be kept on. As soon as you see that the turbidity has disappeared from the water, it is allowed to bravely populate your underwater world with fish.
Aquarium with fish is not only an element of home decor. It has long been confirmed that tracking the behavior of fish swimming there behind the glass, calms and relaxes. Thus, the aquarium can play the role of a means to relieve stress. Filtration should be in the whole aquarium in front of the fish in the cool water will not last long. Filters purify water from inorganic substances, remove organic compounds and other substances dissolved in it from water, ensure water circulation and enrich it with oxygen.
one. The process of installing a filter depends on its purpose and type. And at the location of the filters for aquariums are divided into external and internal.
2 Internal filters: Airlifts – the simplest devices that lift the water in the tube with the support of bubbles created by the compressor. Such filters are almost completely immersed in the aquarium, approximately to the very bottom. Airlifts installed in small aquariums, spawning and nursery for fry. Stacked filters. A plastic “cup” that has a filtering substrate inside is attached to the electropomp. Such filters often play the role of water aerators. Multi-sectional internal filters resemble a duct divided into segments. Such filters combine several types of filtering at once. And every segment has its own filtering. These filters are attached to the walls of the aquarium. True, they have a significant drawback – they are large in size. The bottom aquariums are set at the bottom of the aquarium. A plate or several joined plates are placed on the bottom, covered with sand. Bottom filters traditionally play the role of auxiliary filters.
3 External filters are multisectional and canister. Canister filters are installed outside the aquarium and communicate with it through the hoses for collecting and returning water. Dyuzhe capacitive. Support all types of filtering. Some models are equipped with a heater. Multiple-section external filters are very similar to their internal counterparts, only they are installed outside the aquarium.
one. Pour the water for the aquarium after it has settled for several days. It is more cool if it is not in bottles, but in a basin or in glass jars. You need a wide throat, so that the harmful substances that are in tap water (in particular, chlorine, deadly for fish and plants), have timed to erode.
2 While the water is settling, fill the aquarium with soil and plants. The soil should be such that it is suitable for those fish that you are going to start. Also plant plants in it. Dip roots deep into the ground. Because aquatic plants are required to wash their water freely, you should not use fine sand, it will clot, and the roots will rot. Better use small and medium pebbles, pebbles, etc.
3 Do not plant too many plants – over time they will grow, bloom, and it will be harder for you to care for the aquarium, it can also disrupt the microenvironment. Do not plant them excessively close to each other and at the front wall of the aquarium, they will block the view and dim the aquarium.
four. After you have arranged the ground and planted the plants, fill the tank with settled water. Do this neatly, so as not to damage the soil, plants and reinforced equipment (lights, etc.). Better than each pour not over the edge, but on a plate, then the water will flow in several streams.
five. After you have filled the water, do not rush to plant fish there. First, wait until your climate is established in the aquarium. An aquarium is a closed ecosystem that, with a smart approach and positive care, will exist for several years. At first, the water will be turbid and whitish due to the fact that a lot of bacteria will spawn in a new medium. After a while, it will clear and become transparent, and the plants will get used to transplanting, recover and deal with it. Then, and only then, can you launch a fish into an aquarium.
6 In order for the aquarium to be a comfortable home for all its occupants, it is necessary that the lighting be adjusted and the heater be installed in it, as well as a filter be used. Also update water from time to time. To do this, it is necessary to plant the fish for a while in the reserve aquarium with distilled water, and part of the old one (approximately 1/5 of the total volume) to replace with a new, settled. At the same time, clean the aquarium, remove dead plants or their parts. In order to keep the walls of the aquarium consistently clean, place several snails in it.
Any aquarium needs filtering. Tiny particles of dirt, waste products of inhabitants, other organic matter has the quality of gradually decompose, highlighting harmful ammonia for fish. In order to avoid their poisoning, it is necessary to activate the processes that transform harmful substances into nitrates.
How to make a filter for the aquarium yourself
To make a homemade biofilter for an aquarium, you need a bottle from under aerated water with a capacity of approximately half a liter, a plastic tube of the same diameter as the inner diameter of the bottle neck, a piece of padding polyester, small pebbles with a fraction of no more than five millimeters, and a compressor with a hose. The bottle must be carefully cut into two parts. One of them must be bigger than the other in order to have a tiny bowl with a neck and a huge bottom. The cup is sent with the neck up and with an effort pushed into the bottom, so that it sat tight there. On the outer circumference of the bowl you need to make a few holes through which water will flow into the filter. It’s great to make holes with a diameter of 3-4 mm, arrange them in two rows, with 4-6 holes in one row. Insert the tube into the neck of the bowl so that she came in with a little effort. There should be no gaps between the pipe and the neck. The length of the tube should be chosen in such a way that it protrudes a little above the structure. At the same time, it should not rest against the bottom of the bottle, so that water would enter it freely. Pour gravel over the bowl with a six-centimeter layer and cover it with a padding pad. Insert the aerator hose into the tube, fix. When each design will be placed in the aquarium, turn on the compressor in order for the filter to start working. Suitable bacteria will appear in the working filter, as a result of which ammonia in the aquarium will decompose into nitrates.
The principle of the homemade filter
The design of the homemade filter is based on airlift. From the compressor air bubbles are fed into the tube, and from there they go upwards and at the same time draw water streams out of the filter. Fresh water enriched with oxygen enters the upper part of the glass and passes through a layer of gravel. Then it goes through the holes made in the bowl, goes down and flows down the tube to the aquarium. The synthetic winterizer plays the role of a mechanical filter in the design – it is needed to prevent silting of the gravel there.
In order for the aquarium to delight the eye, and its inhabitants were invariably healthy, it requires scrupulous care and the use of special equipment. One of the indispensable signs of a densely populated aquarium is a filter.
Aquarium without filter
Does the aquarium always need a filter? No, if there are few inhabitants in it and about 10 liters of water is brought to a single fish up to 5 cm in size. In this case, the biological balance will be established in the aquarium, even without a filter, and with regular removal of debris accumulating at the bottom of the garbage and a weekly change of 1/10 of the water, the fish and plants will feel completely different. In an aquarium without a filter, there must necessarily be aeration, it promotes the saturation of water with oxygen and the oxidation of harmful substances. If the population of the aquarium is huge, you should strictly provide a filter.
Fish Tank Filters
The most basic equipment in an aquarium is filter . Filters are needed to clean the aquarium water and enrich it with oxygen. Without filter a, table of contents and maintenance aquarium It becomes troublesome, not to mention the health of your water pets. It is better to have this equipment available.
You will need
- In order to choose and install a filter, you will need: an aquarium that will be filled with settled water.
one. A filter is a necessary thing in your tank. This equipment is divided into two types: internal, that will be inside aquarium , and definitely external (given filter will be set out aquarium ). Pick up view filter and should be depending on the volume aquarium . Also have filter Drying materials that are used for mechanical and biological water purification: activated carbon, expanded clay or ceramic filler.
2 Internal aquarium filter consists of a pump and a sponge. Polluted water is passed through a sponge, and clean water comes out. Such filter allowed to use in small aquarium x up to 200 liters. Sponge itself-filter need to be cleaned and replaced as new. Performance filter and will depend on the size, type and power.
3 External aquarium filter s have a canister. This canister is invariably out aquarium . From such filter and two hoses go. From one hose, the water enters the canister, and through another comes back into the aquarium. When water enters the canister, several steps of mechanical, chemical and biological cleaning occur. Such filter used for large aquariums either in aquarium x smaller volume. Have a little aquarium water clogging tier does not allow to keep the inner filter . Some filter They can be combined with a compressor, that is, together with water purification, they can saturate water with oxygen, as well as with an ultraviolet lamp.
Remember that every Fish Tank Filter should work continuously, without interruptions.
Do not save and purchase a good-quality filter, the tea depends on it the health of your fish. It is better to take a filter with each built-in: a compressor and an ultraviolet lamp (like every living thing, the fish need a light).
For breeding aquarium fish you need a lot of additional equipment, first of all you need lights and filters for water. Occasionally, when assembling filters, you may experience certain difficulties. How to collect aquarium filters ?
You will need
- – filter details for the aquarium,
- – instruction.
one. There is no hard difference in the purpose and function of the external and internal Fish Tank Filter. They differ in their device, and, therefore, have a number of features during assembly. If the inner filter fits easily into the water, then the outer one is located outside. aquarium , and from it departs the tube, immersed in water. Experienced aquarists will not be difficult to collect filters different models from different manufacturers, from the fact that they all have a universal design. For beginners, the instructions that come with the filter will help. Tested firms are Russian-speaking and certainly intelligible.
2 If there is no translation to the instruction, it is incomprehensible or lost, try searching for instructions or for more detailed statements on how to build your model on the Internet. This will help you avoid improper assembly and take into account all the features for the installation of your filter.
3 Spread out all the details of the filter and make sure that they are all available and that there are no visible flaws on them.
four. Do not purchase additional adapters and taps for external filters – the harder the route through which water goes from the filter and back, the stronger the loss of productivity. Occasionally aquarists even use not all adapters with which the filter is equipped.
five. Do not bend or pinch the filter tube, on the contrary the water flow through them will be difficult.
6 Install the filter sternly on the recommended tier, on the contrary, it will not pump well the water or will interfere with the inhabitants aquarium .
7 When filling the filter with cleaning materials, pay attention to the direction in which water flows – from the bottom up or from top to bottom. The first layer, through the one that will pass the water, should be a foam sponge. After that, it is necessary to position the substrate, which helps to fight bacteria. It can be bioceramics, balls, etc. And finally, last of all, water should be filtered through activated carbon, if the composition aquarium requires this tier of cleaning. Coal does not necessarily use in all filters.
When buying an aquarium, do not forget that in addition to appeasement from it, you will also take care of its inhabitants and their habitat, that is, the aquarium. Regularly keep it clean.