Fish Tank Filter – a necessary and very important detail, as the filtration of water in an aquarium is a vital procedure for any aquarium. Today, manufacturers offer a huge selection of a wide variety of filters. It is during the selection and installation of the filter that beginners usually encounter the first difficulties during the launch of the aquarium. In this article, we will give some small tips about how to install the filter in the aquarium, how often to change the filter in the aquarium.
Filters for an aquarium are divided into two types – internal and external and perform several functions at once:
1. Mechanical filtration
Purification of water from mucus, turbidity and other organic residues.
2. Biological filtration
Restoration and purification of water from waste products of the inhabitants of the aquarium.
3. Aeration of water
Water enrichment with oxygen.
4. Water Circulation
Mixing water in the aquarium.
Internal filter consists of a pump that pumps water through a cassette filled with filter material. It is installed inside the aquarium and attached to the glass with hooks or special suction cups. The filter can be mounted both vertically (if necessary) and horizontally.
All filters contain a special filtering material (foam rubber, sponge, synthetic filaments, etc.). It is in the filter that the bacteria that are very important for the life of the inhabitants of aquariums, utilize organic matter, process chemicals and destroy toxic compounds settle directly in the material.
The main thing to determine which filter, and with what performance you need for the aquarium. Here it is important to take into account some features: the volume and size of the aquarium, the number of fish and plants that you plan to contain, the movement of water. It is important to provide such a circulation of water that will allow all the inhabitants of the aquarium to feel comfortable and they will be able to move freely throughout its area.
And in order to avoid undesirable situations (when the fish are rushing around the aquarium due to too high flow velocity), install a filter with adjustable flow rate. Internal filters are ideal for small aquariums, they are quite inexpensive, absorb a minimum of electricity, and they can install them without problems, even beginners at the start of the aquarium (after reading the instructions).
External filter hinged It is a multi-sectional housing, inside of which there are cassettes with various fillings, attached to the side or rear wall of the aquarium (without taking up space inside).
In most models, it is possible to replace filter elements (foam rubber, synthetic winterizer). Very easy to maintain, but you need to control the water level in the aquarium. The jet from the filter weakens when the water level drops, so watch and add as necessary.
External canister filter – This is a more complex device for filtering water in aquariums. It consists of a canister with filter media and a removable lid.
Due to the large size, it is installed outside the aquarium (necessarily below the water level) so that the water comes back to the device and has several cleaning steps. It is used for large-scale aquariums, the maintenance of more demanding fish and for a long time can operate without special maintenance.
Such filters require periodic monitoring, checking the fixings of all elements (in order to avoid leakage). Try to buy such filters only from reliable companies that provide their customers with further service.
How often to clean the filter in the aquarium?
The only and accurate answer to this question is no. Everything, or at least very much, depends on each individual aquarium. After all, each aquarium is unique in its own way (the composition of the water, the number of fish, their species, the diet and the mode, the frequency of water changes, the cleaning of the soil).
Given this all, it is impossible to say unequivocally how often the filter should be washed. Many simply do, remember the power of the jet of water in the newly installed filter, and as it decreases, they realize that it is time to rinse the filter.
It is necessary to do the washing of the filter elements very carefully (preferably in aquarium water), removing the necessary sludge surplus, trying to harm the colonies of bacteria living there as little as possible, and especially consider these conditions if your aquarium is recently running. It would be very correct if you make it a rule to check the condition of the filter with every change of water and, if necessary, clean it.
And at the end, another very important piece of advice that newbies sometimes forget is that the filter should work all the time. It is necessary to disconnect the filter only at the moment of its cleaning and washing of the filtering elements.
Article author: Andreev Sergey