How to install a filter in the aquarium and properly exploit it?
One of the important issues of concern to novice aquarists is how to install a filter in an aquarium? This small, but important device will make the life of your pets much more comfortable, so you cannot do without it.
Types of filters
Before you install the filter in the aquarium, you need to decide what kind of it is necessary for you. They differ mainly in the method of installation of the filter in the aquarium – to the outer or inner wall (under water). At home most often used compact devices that fit inside containers with water. Their capacity varies depending on the volume of the aquarium. Other species, outdoor or bottom, are used much less frequently, usually with large volumes of water.
The principle of operation is the same for everyone. water under pressure is passed through the filtration material. in which all the dregs linger. Over time, beneficial bacteria multiply inside, which help maintain the purity of the aquarium. In addition, in some filters, special impregnation improves the chemical composition of water. Another important detail: due to the constant mixing of water in the aquarium, there will always be enough oxygen, and the fish will not constantly stay near the surface.
So, most likely, you will be dealing with an internal filter. They are smaller, cheaper and easier to take care of. Bottom now can be found very rarely, and the outside is usually used by professionals.
The tank should be pre-filled with water. Filter must first fully assemble, then submerge (not included in the network) and attach to the inner wall at a distance of about three centimeters from the surface (as a rule, suckers are provided in the design). If the depth does not allow you to do this, simply leave as much distance as possible on top. Below the device should not rest against the bottom. Water evaporates constantly, so the distance should be checked regularly.
The end of the transparent tube that takes the air out of the room must be brought out. It is convenient when there is a special mount on it, with the help of which the tube is held on the glass. If you have already installed aeration system, then this part can not be used. Only after you install the Fish Tank Filter, plug it into a wall outlet. The appearance of the flow indicates that you did everything right. The wire should hang loosely, going down from the socket.
At the hole from which purified water comes, usually a valve is worn, which allows you to adjust the force and direction of flow. Observe how the water moves, and if you want to fix something, unplug the appliance beforehand.
First of all, you need to remember that you can turn off the filter only in order to clean it from accumulated dirt. Do not leave the device turned off in water. moreover, it is impossible to turn on the filter after it has been turned off for some time (half a day or longer), because this is the risk of poisoning your fish. Before you install such a filter in the aquarium, it must be thoroughly washed, and it is better to replace the filtration material.
Before immersing your hands in water, turn off the filter from the outlet. After manipulations (cleaning the aquarium, catching fish and so on) be sure to turn the filter back on .
A filter can only be connected to a network when completely immersed in water. From working outdoors, it will quickly break.
To clean the filter, unplug it from the outlet. Turn off other electrical appliances, and then remove the appliance from the water.
Fish Tank Filter
The filter consists of two parts: a pump that pumps water and a filtering material through which this water flows. There are two types of Fish Tank Filters: submersible, that is, internal filters that fit inside the aquarium (under water) and external filters that are located outside the aquarium and are connected to it with a flexible hose. The filter material in the external filter is much larger than in the internal filter, but the principle of operation of all filters is the same: they pass water through the filter material.
Why do you need a filter in the aquarium
The filter in the aquarium is necessary for the mechanical purification of water from turbidity, for the chemical purification of water from the waste products of fish and other people of the aquarium, and also to mix layers of water. A jet of water from the filter head creates a current in the aquarium. When the filter is installed correctly, the upper and lower layers of water are constantly mixed, contributing to the gas exchange of the aquarium water with the air in the room where it is located. The layer of water in contact with the surface gives up the accumulated carbon dioxide, is enriched with oxygen and goes deep into. There are no stagnant zones in the aquarium and the fish do not stand constantly at the surface, but swim around the whole aquarium, because the concentration of dissolved gases becomes approximately the same everywhere.
Most filters on the spout, from which a jet of water comes out, put on the air intake tube. In this case, the water jet captures many small air bubbles, the air as if forcibly # 171; # 187 is driven in; in water and its enrichment with oxygen occurs more efficiently. The air intake tube should go beyond the aquarium (then fresh air is pumped) and be above the water level.
How is the filtration of aquarium water? The filtration process consists of two phases: mechanical and biological. Particles of dirt linger on filter material # 8212; This is the mechanical phase. Then the bacteria saprophytes cover this dirt and decompose it to simple mineral substances # 8212; ideally before water, carbon dioxide, nitrates and some others. This is a biological phase. And if it is performed in full, the water in the aquarium will be crystal clear. But this is ideally, that is, if the filter substrate is densely populated with bacteria.
In fact, the filtering filler is a giant colony of microorganisms. But a sufficient number of microorganisms have not yet managed to settle in the new filter. If the filter is washed well each time, then again the necessary microorganisms in the required quantity will not be there. In this case, biological filtration of aquarium water will not be fully implemented. The aquarium water will be saturated with semi-decomposed organic matter, and microorganisms will now spread in large quantities directly in it, making it whitish-cloudy. The filter practically does not detain bacteria and hope to filter them is useless.
What then to do? You can not do anything # 8212; it will eventually pass. In the filter will settle # 171; correct # 187; Bacteria, when there are many of them, they will not allow the semi-decomposed organic matter to be released into the water, and the bacteria freely floating in the water will die of hunger # 8212; white cloudiness will disappear. The water will become clear, biological balance will be established in the aquarium.
Rinse the filter only as needed, that is, when dirt accumulated on the filter material will interfere with the pumping of water. Never use detergents. It is best to rinse the filter material in water, drained from the same aquarium with its partial substitution. That is, the task of washing the filter to sterility is not worth it, the main thing is to remove the dirt that interferes with the pumping of water.
The process of establishing a biological equilibrium in a new aquarium can be accelerated many times by placing a dirty filter from a prosperous aquarium into it, or adding 10% of old soil. There are special bacterial preparations, which also significantly accelerate this process.
If for any reason you turned off the Fish Tank Filter for a long time, then you need to turn it on again only after washing the filter material. But the fact is that when there is no fresh water stream saturated with oxygen through the filter, anaerobic microorganisms will settle in it instead of useful nitrifying bacteria, which will start to release hydrogen sulfide and methane. And if you run a filter that has been left off for several days, the fish may be poisoned.
How to install a filter in the aquarium # 8212; video
How to install a filter in the aquarium?
The organization of a home aquarium is always associated with the need to install an internal filter. It is simply necessary for the normal existence of fish, as it saturates water with oxygen, improves the circulation of water, and mechanically purifies water. But for beginner aquarists, this often becomes a problem, and they wonder how to install an aquarium internal filter.
How to install Fish Tank Filter?
The internal filter is called internal because it is completely immersed in water. The water level above it, depending on the depth of the aquarium, should be from five to eight centimeters.
The filter is attached to the wall of the aquarium with the help of special suction cups, which in most cases are included in the kit.
A flexible transparent tube, which is called an air vent hose and is designed to supply air, at one end is attached to the spout of the filter, and the other is led outside the aquarium. The tip of the air vent hose, located outside the aquarium, should be located higher than that attached to the filter nozzle.
In addition, when installing the filter should pay attention to the fact that the power of the air supply can be changed using a special regulator, which is either at the tip of the air vent hose, or on the spout of the filter. At first, put it in the middle position. And you can adjust the position you need, looking at the fish. There are types of fish that love a strong current, and there are also those that do not tolerate it. With a weak power level, the bubble filter may not be, in this case, a slight wave of water will tell about its proper operation.
After the installation of the Fish Tank Filter is completed, and all parts are connected, you can connect it to the mains. And for the future it should be remembered that any manipulations in the aquarium should be carried out with the filter turned off from the outlet.