An aquarium decorates every home, but is also often the pride of the inhabitants of the room. It is known that the aquarium has a positive effect on the mood and psychological state of a person. So, if you look at the fish swimming in it, there comes peace, calm and all the problems are relegated to the background. But here we should not forget that the aquarium requires and care. But how to care for the aquarium? How to clean the aquarium and replace the water in it so that neither the fish nor the vegetation will suffer? How many times do I need to change the fluid in it? Probably worth talking about this in more detail.
Tools for replacing aquarium water
Novice aquarists suggest that replacing water in an aquarium is accompanied by some kind of disorder spilled by water around the house and a huge waste of time. In fact, all this is not so. Changing the water in an aquarium is a simple process that does not take you long. In order to perform this simple procedure, you just need to have the knowledge and, of course, to acquire all the necessary tools that will be your permanent assistants. So let’s start with what a person should know when starting the water replacement procedure. First of all, this is what all aquariums are divided into large and small. Those aquariums that do not exceed two hundred liters in their capacity are considered small, and those that exceed two hundred liters in volume are the second type. Let’s start with the replacement of aquarium water in small objects.
- ordinary bucket
- crane, preferably ball
- siphon, but always with a pear
- hose, the size of which is 1-1.5 meters
The first replacement fluid in the aquarium
In order to perform the water change for the first time, you need to connect the siphon to the hose. This procedure is necessary to clean the soil in the aquarium. If there is no siphon, use the bottle, after cutting the bottom of it. With a pear or mouth, draw water until the entire hose is filled. Then open the tap and pour water into the bucket. This procedure can be repeated as many times as you need to replace. By the time such a procedure takes no more than fifteen minutes, but if a bucket without a spout, it will be a little more. When you do this for the first time, the skill will not be there yet, respectively, the time period may also increase. But this is only at the beginning, and then the whole procedure will take a little time. Aquarists know that changing the water in a large aquarium is easier than in a small one. Just need a longer hose so that it reaches the bathroom and then the bucket is no longer needed. By the way, for a large aquarium, you can use the nozzle, which easily connects to the faucet and fresh water will easily flow. If the water has managed to settle, then, accordingly, you will need a pump that helps to pump fluid into the aquarium.
Water change intervals
Beginner aquarists have questions about how often it is worth changing the water. But it is known that the complete replacement of fluid in an aquarium is extremely undesirable, as it can lead to various diseases and even to the death of fish. But it must be remembered that in an aquarium there should be such a biological aquatic environment that would be not only acceptable fish, but also had a positive effect on their reproduction. It is worth remembering a few rules that allow you to comply with all the necessary conditions for the normal existence of fish.
Water replacement rules:
- The first two months should not replace the fluid at all
- Subsequently, only 20 percent of water is replaced.
- Partially change the fluid once a month
- In an aquarium that is over a year old, the liquid must be changed at least once every two weeks.
- Full replacement of the fluid is made only in emergency cases.
Compliance with these rules will preserve the necessary environment for the fish and will not allow them to die. It is impossible to break these rules, otherwise your fish will be doomed. But it is necessary not only to change the water, but also to clean the walls of the aquarium and at the same time not forget about the soil and algae.
How to prepare water for replacement
The main task of an aquarist is to properly prepare the water for replacement. Taking tap water is dangerous as it is chlorinated. To do this, use the following substances: chlorine and chloramine. If you familiarize yourself with the properties of these substances, you can find out that chlorine disappears quickly when it is settled. For this it is enough for him only twenty-four hours. But for chloramine one day is not enough. It takes at least seven days to remove this substance from the water. There are, of course, special preparations that help fight these substances. For example, aeration, which is very powerful in its effects. You can also use special reagents. This is, above all, dechlorinators.
Actions when using a dechlorinator:
- dissolve dechlorinator in water
- wait about three hours, until all the excess is evaporated.
Replacing water and fish
Changing the aquarium water is easy, but you should not forget about the inhabitants. Fish every time there is a change of water, are under stress. Therefore, every week it is better to perform the procedures to which they gradually become accustomed and already perceive them calmly over time. This applies to any type of aquarium, regardless of size: small or large. If you keep a constant eye on the aquarium, you often do not have to change the water. Do not forget to take care of the general condition of the fish dwelling. So, it is worth changing the algae that grow in the aquarium, because they pollute the walls. It takes care of other plants that need not only to be changed as needed, but also to cut the leaves. To add additional water, but how much it can be added, is decided in each case separately. Do not forget about the gravel, which is also cleaned or changed. You can use a filter for water purification, but often this does not affect the conditions of the aquarium. But the main thing is not only to change the water, but to ensure that the lid in the aquarium is always closed. Then the water will not be so quickly polluted and it will not have to be changed frequently.