Aquarium can be a worthy decoration of any home, and psychologists say that the observation of its inhabitants has a calming effect and at the same time uplifting. Of course, the care for this beautiful, but fastidious part of the interior needs an appropriate one, because various biochemical processes occur in the aquarium around the clock, caused by the vital activity of fish and plants.
You need to clean the aquarium regularly, the regularity of this process depends on how large it is. In a large aquarium with a capacity of 100 liters or more, it is possible to carry out a “general cleaning” once every 2-3 weeks, while small-sized water tanks need more regular cleaning – at least once a week. If the water in the aquarium has turned yellow-green and has got an unpleasant smell, then it’s time to get down to business.
First of all, put in order the decorative elements and plants in the aquarium. Rotten and yellow leaves are removed from the algae, transplanted as necessary. It is worth remembering that plants that grow in the form of a bush, for example, echinodorus and cryptocorynes, can not be touched for another 5-6 months after transplantation. Decorative elements – stones, shells, caves, can be washed under running water.
Clean the walls of the aquarium
The first problem that a beginner aquarist can face is algae that grow along the walls of the reservoir. They do not pose a particular danger to the ecological system of the aquarium, however, the review is much more difficult. To clean the walls using special scrapers. If the aquarium is rectangular in shape, cleaning its corners will be problematic, it is best to use a sponge on a stick.
Also, dirty plaque is well removed using a sponge for kitchen work, which is made of fiberglass. If your aquarium is made of plexiglass, be careful because scratches form easily on it. It is washed with a nylon washcloth or a soft sponge. Do not forget before you start cleaning, turn off all electrical appliances.
Clear the bottom
Also effective funnel, which in the common people is called "tedder." This tube is made of aluminum or plastic with a tapered end with numerous holes. With it you can not only remove unnecessary elements from the surface of the aquarium, but also clean the soil from the inside – this procedure is useful for the roots of plants and fish that love to dig in the soil.
Periodically, the water in the aquarium needs to be changed – it is desirable that this procedure takes place at the same time as the ground siphon. Watch for the volumes of water that you drain – too drastic changes in the quality characteristics of the water can cause stress for the inhabitants of the aquatic environment. It is advisable to change no more than one fifth of the water at a time. On the side wall of the tank can make the appropriate marks. Lean over the surface of the aquarium — you should smell fresh grass. After cleaning and water changes, the right amount of fresh water is added to the aquarium.
Water can be separated or running: when you add water from a hose, place a hand under the stream so that the noise and high pressure do not frighten the inhabitants.
Today, most aquariums are equipped with filtration and aeration systems. In order for them to work more efficiently, they need to be cleaned from time to time. During operation, the filter absorbs the dirt from the water into its structure: if you see that the water began to swing badly, this means that the filter is dirty and needs to be cleaned. Inside the device are fillers, very similar in appearance to the porous sponge. Carefully remove the special foam pad and rinse it under running water. After that, it is worth washing out the plastic accessories of the filter, as well as its tip with a nozzle – the easiest way to do this is with a toothbrush that can easily cope with any buildup.
It is worth remembering that no system in the aquarium can not be washed using detergents. No matter how well you rinse them, it is still problematic to wash them to the end, and the chemical components are not the best company for fish.
There are types of fish that not only delight the eye with its bright color and peace-loving disposition, but also bring undoubted benefits – it is an aquarium cleaner. These include swordtails, guppies, mollies and squares. They have a special structure of the mouth – a developed lower jaw resembles a scraper, with which the fish can remove plaque from the walls or bottom of the aquarium, as well as clean the leaves of plants.
Both the ancistrus and the shellfish catfish are very interesting – their mouth apparatus is very similar to the sucker, with its help these creatures can move along the walls of the aquarium. In addition, organic plaque taken from the glass walls is part of their diet. These types of fish will become real assistants in cleaning the aquarium and greatly facilitate this procedure.