How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

First a bit of theory. First, let’s mark the dilemma:
– on the one hand, if the filtering elements are too thoroughly cleaned, not only dirt but also beneficial bacteria are eliminated, especially if you use chlorinated tap water, especially hot water;
– on the other hand, poorly washed filter elements can cause a violation of the filter’s washability, the formation of stagnant zones, water turbidity and even the development and release of poisonous substances into the aquarium. Well, even if nothing terrible happens, it is more convenient and practical to wash water from under the tap.
Secondly, we recall about the phenomenon of self-cleaning of filter elements, when dirt collected on them is processed by the bacteria living there in the framework of the so-called. nitrogen cycle, so that a properly maintained biofilter can work for a long time without cleaning.

Further. A few words about safety. Contact with the active bacterial environment of the filter elements may cause irritation to the skin. If this happens, it makes sense to use rubber gloves. The same is highly recommended in the case of abrasions and scratches on hands, especially fresh ones.

Now, in fact, directly to the topic.

1. Canister filters.

The organization of a modern aquarium, as a rule, implies that the external filter should work predominantly or even entirely for biological treatment, and therefore work without cleaning for a long time. Recommendations contained in the user instructions to clean the canister filter every three months should apparently be ignored and should be washed only when an objective need arises, such as a significant decrease in pump performance (water pressure) or other signs that the filter has stopped working properly. .

If we talk about some conditional terms, then you can try to make the first cleaning six months after the start of the filter. At the same time, to assess the degree of contamination of the fillers, it is possible to make changes in their composition and interposition. And, perhaps, you will find that there is almost no dirt in the fillers, and your intervention was not required. After that, you can re-connect the filter and forget about its existence for quite a long time.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Note. By the way, the dark brown mass on the filter elements is not dirt, it is those very useful bacteria.

But at some point, the time for routine maintenance will come. How to wash? As a general principle, with respect to half of the filter elements, you should limit yourself to surface treatment using aquarium or distilled water in order to wash off large dirt, but keep bacteria colonies, and wash the other half completely with warm tap water. Moreover, if a filter, for example, Eheim Classic, is loaded with sponges, then it makes sense to thoroughly wash the lower most polluted sponges and, when restarting the filter, change them with sponges previously located at the top. Naturally, this is not an axiom. If you, having opened the canister, have found out that the filter is not very dirty, you may not bother with thorough washing of the fillers or even not at all washing them. Conversely, for example, if you restart the filter after “tipping”, all filter elements must be thoroughly re-washed.

Now specifically about the various types of fillers. Experience shows that it is better to wash the sponges under running water, rather than rinsing them into the pelvis, while draining and changing the water several times, although large-pore sponges used for canister filters are quite good at washing and right under the faucet.

Porous material such as Ehfisubstrat or Sera Biopur forte can not be washed clean. If its smallest pores are clogged, and the substrate stops working well, then it can only be replaced. At the same time, Eheim recommends leaving a part of the old substrate on a quarterly basis, and changing a part to a new one. For us, this is another reason to think about the advisability of using such a filler.

Ceramic rings that play the role of a filtering element for mechanical cleaning should be washed with clean water. This is quite easily done with a colander and a watering can. However, if the filter is filled in whole or in large part with ringlets, then part of them should be subjected to gentle treatment in order to preserve the bacteria, or even not to wash at all. The same can be said about the so-called “bio-spheres” (however, I myself have never been able to use this).

Activated carbon, zeolite, and carbon sponge are consumables that must be replaced after mining.

And finally, a padding (fine filter). According to the recommendations of the manufacturer and in my personal conviction, it is also a consumable item and should be replaced with a new one when contaminated. Rinse contaminated gasket properly impossible. Well, or in any case, I did not succeed. Although we had to meet other opinions … Naturally, it makes no sense to replace the spent gasket with the same brand. It is expensive, and it is not always possible to find on sale. I recommend using for this purpose an aquarium sintepon of sera filterwatte or analogues of other manufacturers of aquatic products. A large package of such “cotton wool” lasts for several years.

Contaminated padding may cause filter malfunction and water turbidity in the aquarium. Therefore, there are recommendations of experts to periodically open the filter and replace the synthetic winterizer in it, without waiting for a general restart (I myself really am too lazy to do it).

2. Internal filters.

Ceramic rings that play the role of a filtering element for mechanical cleaning should be washed with clean water. This is quite easily done with a colander and a watering can. However, if the filter is filled in whole or in large part with ringlets, then part of them should be subjected to gentle treatment in order to preserve the bacteria, or even not to wash at all. The same can be said about the so-called “bio-spheres” (however, I myself have never been able to use this).

Activated carbon, zeolite, and carbon sponge are consumables that must be replaced after mining.

And finally, a padding (fine filter). According to the recommendations of the manufacturer and in my personal conviction, it is also a consumable item and should be replaced with a new one when contaminated. Rinse contaminated gasket properly impossible. Well, or in any case, I did not succeed. Although we had to meet other opinions … Naturally, it makes no sense to replace the spent gasket with the same brand. It is expensive, and it is not always possible to find on sale. I recommend using for this purpose an aquarium sintepon of sera filterwatte or analogues of other manufacturers of aquatic products. A large package of such “cotton wool” lasts for several years.

Contaminated padding may cause filter malfunction and water turbidity in the aquarium. Therefore, there are recommendations of experts to periodically open the filter and replace the synthetic winterizer in it, without waiting for a general restart (I myself really am too lazy to do it).

2. Internal filters.

Here the dilemma indicated at the beginning of the article makes itself felt especially. In the original instructions, as a rule, there is a prescription to wash the sponges of internal filters with aquarium (dechlorinated) water at room temperature. Should I always follow the instructions? In my opinion, more often than not.

Equipment classic cichlid aquarium involves the simultaneous presence of external and internal filters, of which the first works on biology, and the second on the mechanics. In this situation, there is no point in preserving the beneficial bacteria in the filter element of the internal filter, and the more often and carefully you wash it, the more hygienic it is. According to the averaged rule, the sponge of the mechanical filter should be washed once a week, but this rule is only indicative and strongly depends on the density of fish landing and pump power. Some internal filters due to contamination of the sponge and impeller quickly lose their productivity, and you have no choice but to wash them regularly. Other models, such as the Eheim 2252 internal filter, can work for months without cleaning. But despite this, do not be lazy to wash the filter element. A large accumulation of dirt in the filter can cause hexamytosis and bacterial diseases of fish.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Now let’s move on from the cichlid aquarium to the usual decorative one – with a thick layer of soil and a large number of living plants, in which only an internal dry glass filter of small productivity is present from the filtration equipment. According to the general principle, for effective biofiltration, the gross volume of filter elements (without taking into account their porosity) must be at least 1% of the volume of the aquarium. When using a stakanny filter, this ratio most often does not exceed 0.25%. Therefore, to talk about the implementation of their effective biofiltration is not necessary. How does the elimination of poisonous nitrogen in these aquariums? Very simple. Beneficial bacteria can live not only in the biofilter, but also in the soil. And besides, the plants themselves are powerful absorbers of ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. Recall, because in the vast majority of aquariums of the Soviet era there were no filters at all. Using small glass filters makes little difference. In fact, these filters only work to create a stream of water and mechanical filtration (cleaning the aquarium from small suspension), plus their optional function is aeration. Therefore, the owners of such aquariums should not be fooled by the illusion of the biofilter. Accordingly, it is advisable to clean the filter elements regularly and cleanly, as is the case with the mechanical filter of the cichlidarium.

Note: If you approach the issue thoroughly, then these 1% and 0.25% are very conditional values, since The required size of the biosubstrate depends on a large number of parameters: the surface area of ​​the porous substrate, its geometric shape, contamination, design features of the filter itself, pump performance and contamination, the total weight of fish, their metabolism, size and shape of the aquarium, saturation of the aquarium with oxygen, pH and etc. But in the first approximation, it works.

It is problematic if there is very little vegetation in the aquarium (or not at all) and at the same time only a small glass filter is used – unfortunately, the situation is typical enough for beginning aquarists. Here you should first of all think about upgrading the equipment, and only then about how to properly clean the sponge, because even if the system functions somehow with this filtering, it is up to the first mistake, overfeeding, etc., because it unstable. The most expeditious solution is to disassemble the glass and replace the regular small sponge with a larger openly placed one – if the design allows (such as on the AquaEl FAN filters). Thus, the product, which is initially useless from the point of view of nitrification, turns into a fairly effective biofilter with a slight movement of the hand … Or, if the design does not allow (like on "tetratecs" and "eheims), then we put the usual Chinese pump-head, but this is from another Topics. And here it really makes sense to carefully treat the beneficial bacteria living on the filter element.

Read more:  How To Choose And Care For The Sponge For Filter Aquarium

Further. I already wrote about the fact that large sponges, in order to completely clean the sludge, in my opinion, should be rinsed in the pelvis rather than rinsed under running water. However, my opinion on this issue is not the only one. You can firmly twist the sponge or beat out of it the dirt, strongly knocking on the wall of the sink or bath, under running water. Try it, maybe you can do it better. Here I can add that fine-porous sponges are generally poorly washed, so personally I usually don’t wash them, but replace them every time with new ones. Thus, filter maintenance is maximally simplified, and sponges are relatively inexpensive. Well, about the sintepon, which is included in the regular set of filter elements of some internal filters, for example, Eheim Ball, I also wrote above.

And finally, how to keep good bacteria on the filter element, if it is required to turn off the filter for some time or to transport it.

How to clean the filter in the aquarium?

The filter in the aquarium is the most important part of the equipment, the life support system for your fish, which removes toxic waste, chemistry, and if it works correctly, it saturates the water in the aquarium with oxygen.

For the filter to work properly, it is necessary that useful bacteria be divorced inside it, and improper care kills them, as a result creating problems with balance.
Unfortunately, most of the filters lack simple and clear instructions for the user to understand.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

How often to wash the filter

All filters are different, small ones need to be washed weekly, and large ones can work without problems even for two months. The only correct way is to observe how quickly your filter becomes clogged with dirt.

In general, for the internal filter, the frequency is approximately once every two weeks, and for the external one from two weeks for very polluted aquariums, up to two months for cleaner ones.
Keep an eye on the flow of water from the filter, if it is weakened it is a signal that it is time to wash it.

Wash the filter correctly

Just wash the filter may not be the most successful idea, since you can destroy a colony of good bacteria in it. Therefore, it is important not to wash the filter when you make any global changes in the aquarium — a big water change, change the type of feed or frequency of feeding the fish, or launch a new fish. At such times it is very important that the balance is stable, and the filter is a large part of the stable balance in the aquarium.

Impeller care

All Fish Tank Filters contain impeller. The impeller is a cylindrical magnet with an impeller, which serves to create a flow of water, and is mounted on a metal or ceramic pin. After a time, algae, bacteria and other debris accumulate on the impeller and make it difficult to work.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

It is very easy to clean the impeller – remove it from the pin, rinse it with water pressure, and wipe the pin itself with a rag. The most common mistake is when people just forget about it. And pollution significantly reduces the impeller’s lifespan and the most common cause of filter breaks is impeller contamination.

Develop your own filter maintenance schedule in the aquarium, record when you last did it, and regularly check the levels of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate in your water.
Source: http://tenrows.com/canister-filter-review/

How to wash the filter in the aquarium :: industrial aquariums :: Equipment and accessories

How to wash the filter in the aquarium

Construction and type filter determine the effectiveness of water treatment in aquarium. In fact, the filter is a reservoir for special materials that eliminate the impurities passing through the water. To filterThese materials ensured the cleanliness of the habitat of your pets – fish, snails, frogs, tritons and turtles; you should strictly observe the regime of cleaning and, if necessary, replacing the filler.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

You will need

  • – water;
  • – brush;
  • – activated carbon for Fish Tank Filters;
  • – bio fill for Fish Tank Filters;
  • – Sponge / foam for Fish Tank Filters.

Instruction

1. The filter element of the stac-type device (as well as the filler of the mechanical cleaning compartment in a biological filter) is an ordinary piece of a sponge, foam rubber or other porous material corresponding in shape and volume to the filtering container. Its main feature is complete inertness to water. The larger the pores in the sponge, the more dirt it can absorb and the less need to wash it. Clean the filter regularly, it is convenient to do it during the traditional care of the aquarium – replacing water, wiping the walls, shaking up the soil. The frequency of cleaning is chosen individually, it depends on the volume of the aquarium, on the number and types of its inhabitants, on the feeding regime and the quality of food.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

You will need

  • – water;
  • – brush;
  • – activated carbon for Fish Tank Filters;
  • – bio fill for Fish Tank Filters;
  • – Sponge / foam for Fish Tank Filters.

Instruction

1. The filter element of the stac-type device (as well as the filler of the mechanical cleaning compartment in a biological filter) is an ordinary piece of a sponge, foam rubber or other porous material corresponding in shape and volume to the filtering container. Its main feature is complete inertness to water. The larger the pores in the sponge, the more dirt it can absorb and the less need to wash it. Clean the filter regularly, it is convenient to do it during the traditional care of the aquarium – replacing water, wiping the walls, shaking up the soil. The frequency of cleaning is chosen individually, it depends on the volume of the aquarium, on the number and types of its inhabitants, on the feeding regime and the quality of food.

2. Disassemble the mechanical filter above the sink, remove the sponge and rinse all the parts and filter material in running warm water, clean the filler with light squeezing movements. Some use for washing the water from the aquarium. Blow nozzles filter, Clean the holes on the plastic parts with a toothbrush. Rinse again. The device can be assembled.

3. The basis of biological filter, besides mechanical filterbiological base, namely microorganisms, which are also involved in water purification. The structure of bio-fillers is a rough, porous material with a hard surface such as pumice, expanded clay, etc., which provides the bacteria with a substrate for vital activity. Washing of such a device is practically no different from the care of a mechanical filter. The only feature is that the bio filler is preferably not hard to rub: it is not as durable as sponges. Unfortunately, over time, it will be harder and harder to clean the smallest pores of ceramics clogged with silt, and even the rough surface will be polished with water, which requires regular replacement of the filtering material. Specific replacement periods are indicated on the bio-filler package or in the passport. filter.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

3. The basis of biological filter, besides mechanical filterbiological base, namely microorganisms, which are also involved in water purification. The structure of bio-fillers is a rough, porous material with a hard surface such as pumice, expanded clay, etc., which provides the bacteria with a substrate for vital activity. Washing of such a device is practically no different from the care of a mechanical filter. The only feature is that the bio filler is preferably not hard to rub: it is not as durable as sponges. Unfortunately, over time, it will be harder and harder to clean the smallest pores of ceramics clogged with silt, and even the rough surface will be polished with water, which requires regular replacement of the filtering material. Specific replacement periods are indicated on the bio-filler package or in the passport. filter.

4. The activated carbon filter is also quite effective. Its granules are permeated over the entire surface with numerous pores. But the disadvantage is that the pores of activated carbon are not subject to full ventilation with water and are gradually clogged with a suspension. You can wash the coal, but here you can hardly clean the small pores. The principle of care of the body of such filter It’s the same as mechanical, and coal, due to the gradually decreasing filtering properties, just needs to be replaced with a new one every 1-2 months.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Weekly washing and cleaning of the aquarium

When cleaning the aquarium every week, the following procedure should be strictly followed:

1. Get the equipment: filter, aeration, thermostat. Everything is washed, put aside.

2. If necessary, the care and cutting of plants.

3. Clean the walls of the aquarium. Sponge or special scrapers wipers.

4. If necessary, siphon soil. It is not necessary to clean the soil weekly, especially if there are live plants in the aquarium.

5. Only after that the water is replaced: the old water is drained and freshly added is added.

6. Install the equipment back cleaned.

Do not forget to clean the aquarium cover and the lamps from the inside at least once a month.

After all the manipulations, the aquarium is wiped with a dry cloth, stains can be removed with a window cleaner.

Observing the above simple rules the process of washing an aquarium will not be difficult and tedious, and the result will be as efficient as possible.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Useful video, how to clean and wash the aquarium

How to clean the aquarium at home?

To become a decoration of your home or office, the aquarium must shine clean. And the fish in such an aquarium are better, they are more active, they get sick less and live longer. Keeping an artificial reservoir clean is not so difficult, but still there are some subtleties in this business that newcomers should be aware of. Consider the basic issues of cleaning the aquarium at home.

What does aquarium cleaning include?

The cleaning algorithm is usually the following:

  • we clean the walls from algal plaque;
  • if necessary, we clean the scenery: stones, grottoes;
  • if there are plants in the aquarium, we will weed and trim them;
  • ground siphon (this procedure is not always performed);
  • pour out of the aquarium of the water – this can be done during the siphon or on purpose;
  • if necessary, wash the filter equipment;
  • Pour clean water.
Read more:  Where Is The Coal In The Filters For The Aquarium

Before you start cleaning the aquarium, you must turn off all electrical equipment, except for external filters.

And now about everything in more detail.

Ground siphon and water drain

Having cleaned the walls of the aquarium and weeding underwater plantations, we usually lift a lot of mud and dirt into the water. Now this dirty water needs to be drained. This is done with a hose or aquarium siphon.

With the end of the hose or the siphon tube we drive near the bottom, starting from the most polluted places, and pour the dirty water into a bucket or basin (it’s better that they are white, then we can notice a shrimp or fish accidentally pulled in the water).

You can put the second end of the hose directly into the sewer hole, but this option is only possible for aquariums with large fish that do not exactly fall into the siphon or hose.

At one time, it usually changes from 15% to 50% of water, depending on the conditions of a particular aquarium. Matter

  • filter power
  • population density,
  • demanding of animals to clean water
  • the presence of live plants or phytofilter.

In order to find out how often and in what volume it is necessary to make replacements, it is best to use tests for nitrate – the content of this substance in the aquarium should not exceed 20-30 mg / l for undemanding fish and 5-10 mg / l for the fastidious and loving clean water. Such a concentration must be achieved with the help of substitutions.

No need to replace the water completely! This will no longer be cleaning, but restarting the aquarium. Such a procedure is carried out only in the most extreme cases, for example, after an epidemic. It is impossible to settle the fish in the aquarium immediately after the general cleaning. It will be necessary to give the system a few weeks to mature, as in the case of a new aquarium.

If necessary, during the routine cleaning, you can siphon the soil in order to remove excess organic contamination.

In aquariums with large fish and without live plants, it is recommended to do this at least weekly, but the more plants and the smaller the density of the fish population, the less often there is a need for this procedure.

Soil in herbalists and shrimp cooks, as a rule, do not siphon at all, so as not to damage the roots of plants, not to reduce the nutritional and biofiltration properties of the soil and not to injure small animals.

With the end of the hose or the siphon tube we drive near the bottom, starting from the most polluted places, and pour the dirty water into a bucket or basin (it’s better that they are white, then we can notice a shrimp or fish accidentally pulled in the water).

You can put the second end of the hose directly into the sewer hole, but this option is only possible for aquariums with large fish that do not exactly fall into the siphon or hose.

At one time, it usually changes from 15% to 50% of water, depending on the conditions of a particular aquarium. Matter

  • filter power
  • population density,
  • demanding of animals to clean water
  • the presence of live plants or phytofilter.

In order to find out how often and in what volume it is necessary to make replacements, it is best to use tests for nitrate – the content of this substance in the aquarium should not exceed 20-30 mg / l for undemanding fish and 5-10 mg / l for the fastidious and loving clean water. Such a concentration must be achieved with the help of substitutions.

No need to replace the water completely! This will no longer be cleaning, but restarting the aquarium. Such a procedure is carried out only in the most extreme cases, for example, after an epidemic. It is impossible to settle the fish in the aquarium immediately after the general cleaning. It will be necessary to give the system a few weeks to mature, as in the case of a new aquarium.

If necessary, during the routine cleaning, you can siphon the soil in order to remove excess organic contamination.

In aquariums with large fish and without live plants, it is recommended to do this at least weekly, but the more plants and the smaller the density of the fish population, the less often there is a need for this procedure.

Soil in herbalists and shrimp cooks, as a rule, do not siphon at all, so as not to damage the roots of plants, not to reduce the nutritional and biofiltration properties of the soil and not to injure small animals.

Despite the banality of the topic – it still causes controversy on a number of points. It seems that what could be simpler, he took a sponge once every two weeks and rinsed in the water drained from the aquarium and rejoice. But it is still argued whether it makes sense to wash a sponge in aquarium water or whether it makes no sense. Let’s discuss. But before we answer a number of other more straightforward questions.

1. HOW OFTEN WASHING THE COATS OF THE INTERNAL FILTER?

The standard recommendation is once every 2 weeks.
If you give a more advanced recommendation, then in fact this period (as well as for the external filter) depends on the level of downtroddenness. In dirty and overcrowded aquariums, the sponge must be washed more than once a week. In sparsely populated herbalists, it is often washed every few months.
Each owner of the aquarium gradually understands which rinsing mode is necessary based on the level of contamination.

2. WASH AND CLEAN YOURSELF INTERIOR FILTER (i.e., remove the impeller, clean the rotor chamber, etc., etc.)?

In large filters (for example, fan3, this is an almost useless exercise, since fouling usually doesn’t practically interfere with the filter operation. But for younger models for mini and nano aquariums, this can be a problem.

3. DO YOU NEED TO CLEAN THE INTERNAL FILTER WITH THE HELP OF CHEM. PREPARATIONS, for example whiteness?

Many practice the use of whiteness, i.e. soak a sponge in a solution of whiteness or chase the whole filter in it. Doing it all the time is completely pointless. However, there are a number of situations where this is a panacea. For example:
– it is necessary to disinfect the filter from the aquarium with a dangerous sore
– it is necessary to remove from the filter algae, which are no longer cleaned with hands
– it is necessary to remove bacterial and other fouling inside (for example, if the user is not able or does not want to disassemble the rotor chamber).

Well, to our main question.
IN WHAT WATER WASHING THE COAT? FROM AQUARIUM OR WATER?

What is the difference in what water to wash? The fact is that when washing, for example, in warm-hot tap water (and usually this is the way they wash), all useful biology from the filter is clearly washed out, but if we gently wash the sponge in the water drained from the aquarium, sponge fibers.

Now let’s recall a little theory, the internal filter is considered to be a mechanical cleaning filter, it is believed that its biological effects (ie, ammonia and nitrite transport) are so insignificant that they can be neglected. And this is a key mistake, because in some cases, the internal filter is the only biological support of the aquarium. Also, let’s not forget that the larger the filter (i.e. the filter sponge in relation to the volume of the aquarium, the stronger its influence on biology).

To understand the situation, consider several different aquariums, which are united by only one – the internal filter Fan-3.

1. Aquarium 60 liters. A layer of large pebbles 1 cm. Population 4 fatty sluggish gold. There are no plants.
2. Aquarium 60 liters. Quartz layer 4-5 cm. Population 20 neons. Dense planting plants.
3. Aquarium per 100 liters. Coral layer 1 cm. Population 15 Malachi cichlids. There are no plants.
4. Aquarium 200 liters. Soil is not important. The population does not matter (within reasonable limits of the EU). In addition to the internal filter is external, for example, jbl e901.

In 1 and 3 situations, complete washing of the sponge in the water supply system is fraught with problems, namely, the appearance of ammonia. How big a problem it will be is a big question because depends on many other factors, for example, the toxicity of ammonia is corny depends on the ph of water. But why risk once more? In such cases, I recommend rinsing the sponge in drained aquarium water and without addiction)

But in case of 2 and even more so 4 above the sponge, it can be mocked at will, its biological effect on the system is minimal (in case of 2) and almost absent (in case of 4).

In what water to wash a sponge is a personal matter of each sponge owner
But if the situation is ambiguous and you yourself can not make a decision as to which is better, then it is better to wash it in the drained water. So it will be correct.

Why and how often you need to clean the aquarium

Any aquarium is a closed ecosystem of various scales that needs human intervention. In nature, the waste products of some organisms become food for others, but at home it is impossible to provide such a chain.

For this reason, beginners and experienced aquarists should regularly clean the aquarium, no matter what volume it has, how many fish or plants it has, salt water or fresh water.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

The frequency of cleaning often depends on the volume, since the larger the aquarium, the easier it is to adjust the bio-balance and the easier it is to maintain it. Vessels of more than 200 liters, the launch of which was successful, are cleaned no more than once a month. Even if something goes wrong, large volumes of water and bottom areas can slow down destructive processes.

In small aquariums, the volume of which is less than 50 liters, any wrong action leads to problems, so cleaning is carried out several times a month, and in case of diseases in fish, water turbidity, film formation on the surface, you have to solve the problem every day balance.

The frequency of cleaning depends on the following factors:

  • water volume;
  • the number of fish and other inhabitants;
  • light quality and daylight duration;
  • the presence or absence of live plants;
  • type, filter power and sponge area;
  • type of feed and its amount.
Read more:  Choice Of Pumps For The Aquarium (2 In 1) Filter And Compressor

How to clean the aquarium at home

Consider the proper cleaning of the elements of the aquarium using special tools and living organisms.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Washing glass

The glass on the inside should be cleaned regularly, since green algae will always appear on it. The problem is that the light wavelength that triggers algae growth is also suitable for aquarium plants. If you replace a lamp, all greens will perish. For this reason, not to do without cleaning the glass.

The following results in the rapid growth of green algae:

  • fish overfeeding;
  • too strong light or daylight duration more than 8–12 hours;
  • wrong location of the aquarium in which sunlight hits it.

    Scrapers. They are a razor with 1 blade and a long handle. Allows you to remove any growths of algae, including the "black beard." However, experienced aquarists rarely get a scraper for the reason that it is very hard to scratch the glass, and when cleaning the corners, you can accidentally cut the sealant, which will lead to the flow of the aquarium.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

Magnetic double-sided washcloths. A safe, but rather expensive device that allows you to simultaneously clean the outer and inner glass. The main disadvantage is the low cleaning rate, as well as the inability to remove a strong deposit. The quality of cleaning depends on the thickness of the glass and the strength of the magnets, so magnetic scourers cannot be called an ideal device.

How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

  • Dishwashing sponges. Cheap and practical option for cleaning glass. Sponge can remove the weak and the average plaque from the inside, do it quickly and without damage to the surface. The quality will depend on the force of pressing and the presence of a sponge dense layer, which resembles felt. It is important to remember that some products are soaked in special formulations that prevent the reproduction of dangerous microorganisms, so these sponges can harm the aquarium.
  • How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

    Cleaning the soil and scenery

    Waste from fish, shrimps, snails, as well as other inhabitants of the aquarium accumulate in the ground.

    If there are a large number of different plants in the aquarium that absorb nutrients from the substrate, then we can talk about partial balance. But if living plants are absent, then the accumulated waste begins to poison the water, which has to be changed more and more often.

    In nature, no one is engaged in soil cleaning, but it should be understood that the density of fish and living plants does not correspond to the same indicators at home. For this reason, we should not forget about regular cleaning of the substrate, which is silted up and then covered with green algae.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

    To remove waste products from the ground, a special aquarium siphon is used. It is a long hose, at one end of which there is a pear with a valve, and at the other – an expanding tip. Siphon allows you to remove waste not only from the surface of the soil, but also from its thickness.

    Siphon performs the following functions:

    • removes waste products;
    • deletes the remains of a forage, rotten leaves of plants;
    • allows you to quickly remove dead fish and crustaceans;
    • turns the substrate particles, excluding siltation.

    Soil cleaning is carried out during the planned replacement of water. This allows, together with the waste, to remove part of the water, after which it remains only to fill in a new, settled.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

    It should be understood that if there are snails, shrimps and small fish in your tank that can be buried in the ground, you should use the siphon as carefully as possible. After draining a certain part of the water, it is necessary to check the tank in order not to let some of the inhabitants of the aquarium into the sewer system.

    Cleaning the scenery

    The scenery includes various houses, shells, ships, artificial plants. They are covered with algal bloom, and can also accumulate waste, so they should be cleaned from time to time.

    Cleaning is carried out outside the aquarium. The scenery is carefully taken out, and then washed with warm water. Next, take the usual baking soda and washcloth, then remove the existing residue. At the end, re-rinse under warm running water and return to the aquarium.

    Video: how to clean aquarium decorations Baking soda allows you to remove plaque, as well as kill dangerous microorganisms. Moreover, if the soda gets into the aquarium water (in small quantities), then the fish and other inhabitants will not get poisoned.

    Filter purge

    The filter is an integral part of the aquarium, as it allows you to remove large contaminants from the water, as well as waste. Regardless of the size of the filter and its design, colonies of beneficial microorganisms settle in the surface of the porous washcloth, which provide biological cleaning of the fluid, so frequent filter purging leads to imbalance.

    • internal (located in the water column);
    • external (located outside the aquarium);
    • mounted (suspended from the board of the aquarium).

    The filter must be cleaned only when it is dirty. Submersible devices become clogged very quickly, which is easy to determine by the speed of water flow. If the filter also provides aeration, then if the porous washcloth is very dirty, air bubbles do not enter the water column, and a film may form on the surface.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

    The external filter is an independent unit. In which there are several balls of cleaning, passing them, the water is cleaned; The internal filter is immersed in the aquarium itself, where it filters the water by passing it through itself.

    Internal filters are most often cleaned once a month. The filter surface design can be opened at any time to assess the degree of contamination.

    Hinged filters do not differ in large size, so clog up as quickly as internal counterparts. It is also possible to assess the degree of contamination by the flow rate of the water that leaves the device.

    Sequence of actions when cleaning the filter.

    1. Turn off the device.
    2. Carefully remove the filter from the aquarium or do the same with the inlet and outlet hose of the external filter.
    3. Completely disassemble the filter, including the removal of the moving part.
    4. Rinse all parts of the device in warm water using a washcloth and soda.
    5. In a separate container, rinse the filtering surfaces without using soda or detergent.
    6. Assemble the filter and check its operation before placing it in the aquarium.

    Video: how to clean the filter in the aquarium

    Replacing aquarium water

    The water in the aquarium should be changed regularly, regardless of the number of fish and the volume of water.

    Replacement is required because the organisms in the process of vital activity release ammonia, which damages the respiratory system of fish, causing illness and death.

    1. Partial water change. It is held no more than once a week and at least once a month. 25–30% of the total volume is removed, after which fresh, settled water of room temperature is poured.
    2. Big water change. Removed from 40 to 70% of the total. This is carried out only in case of a catastrophic deterioration of the composition of the water or in the event of diseases in fish.
    3. Restart. Replacing all the water in the aquarium with a new one. It is extremely rare, since you are destroying the entire ecosystem, after which it takes a lot of time to create a new one. Restarting the aquarium is carried out when moving or in case of infection with parasites that are attached to the walls of the aquarium and the ground.

    In the warm season it is necessary to monitor the water level, regularly topping up fresh. In this case, the removal of old water is not performed.

    How to clean the aquarium with fish, not pouring water

    To facilitate the work of cleaning the aquarium, as well as to prevent the occurrence of severe contamination, it is necessary to carry out minimal cleaning during regular water changes.

    Consistently carry out the following actions:

      Remove from 10 to 30% of water using a siphon, parallel to cleaning the substrate.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

  • Remove and wash the filter.
  • Clean the inside and outside of the glass.
  • Remove plaque from the cover and surfaces that are above the water level.
  • Clean the aerating system.
  • Biological methods of cleaning (fish, snails)

    Biological methods of cleaning include the inhabitants of the aquarium who feed on fish waste or green algae, making it easier to care for the aquarium.

    Snails are a gastropod mollusk, which all its life has been eating microscopic algae, fish and crustacean excrement, as well as dead and living parts of aquarium plants. Snails can get rid of both the colonies of microorganisms on the glass and the substrate, and from green algae. It is also not uncommon to eat up the rest of the feed.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

    Common snail species:

    • coil (unpretentious, does not harm aquarium plants);
    • ampoule (average requirements to the conditions, voracious, eat thin leaves of plants with a lack of food);
    • melania (they live in the soil, they feed on algae and excrement, they prevent the silting of the soil).

    Catfish are near-bottom fish, which can be called “orderlies” of an aquarium. They not only eat the remnants of food and dead parts of plants, but also help to save the ecosystem if you forget to remove the dead fish in time. Most catfish are omnivorous, but prefer vegetable food.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

    Types of catfish:

    • antsistrus, or “sucker fish” (eats the remnants of any food from the bottom, cleans the glass from green algae at a young age);
    • corridor and speckled catfish (eats the remnants of any food, can feed on plant residues, "loosens" the substrate because of what raises sludge from the bottom);
    • girinoheylus (omnivores, however prefer vegetable food, eat green algae).

    Frequent mistakes novice aquarists

    Novice aquarists sometimes make mistakes in the care of the aquarium. Common errors include the following:

    1. Regular restart of the aquarium, which ultimately leads to the death of all the inhabitants.
    2. Irregular filter operation. The device should work around the clock and turn off only during purging.
    3. Overfeeding fish. Undemanding fish can survive without food for about a month, so if they eat less than the norm, then this will not get sick and will not die.

    How To Clean The Filter In The Aquarium

  • Lack of care for soil. Even if there is no substrate in your tank, then it is still necessary to remove waste.
  • Proper and timely cleaning allows you not only to preserve the health of inhabitants and the beauty of the water world, but also to reduce the time spent on solving possible problems. Remember that all the above actions are carried out in a regular manner, as well as on the basis of observations of the behavior and condition of the fish.