Aquarium decoration is an important part of interior decoration. Aquarium – a small living area, which can become the main object of the house. Therefore, the design of the aquarium must be approached very carefully. "
In order for this living corner to always please the eye, you need to decide on several factors. First, the location. For example, an aquarium can be located in a residential and non-residential premises, in a well-lit and not very bright, warm or cold, and so on.
Now, it has become a fashionable trend to build aquariums in the walls. This is an elegant addition to the interior. ”
So, if we are talking about a residential apartment, you can disassemble the rooms.
In the kitchen, an aquarium will betray the imagination, the sensations of freshness and harmony. You can arrange an aquarium in the kitchen in different ways. But the classic look is probably the best you can think of. If the kitchen itself is decorated in a bright and original style, you can put some symbolic object on the bottom of the aquarium. For example, the semblance of a clay amphora, or bright pebbles, in the style of the kitchen itself. Fish can be of various types. Colorful small fish and snails will fit well into the interior of the kitchen. ”
The main thing is that the aquarium, standing in the kitchen, was sufficiently decorated with algae and lit.
For an aquarium, it is important to maintain the correct temperature. And, for the interior, an aquarium is suitable, the back wall of which will be similar to the bottom of the sea or one that will be combined with the general view without losing the subject matter.
To decorate the bottom, fit large items: big shells, stones, beads. The main thing is that the aquarium would complement the entire interior.
For the bathroom, you can choose a small aquarium with fish of medium size. It is these fish will become the center of this difficult room. Here you can do without algae.
To make things move faster, more successfully and more calmly, you can arrange the aquarium in the office. He will bring peace and balance. “The classic look, complemented by an extraordinary element, will attract more attention. At the bottom of the aquarium, you can put small pebbles, and from various types of fish to choose, for example, goldfish. By the way, goldfish have a positive effect on things like feng shui.
That’s where the aquarium will become the "Center of the Universe", so it is in the living room. In this room you can put an aquarium of completely different sizes, completely different designs and shapes. Because, here the aquarium will bring a large amount of joy and interest to him. The fish in this aquarium can be anything you like – small or large, multi-colored or single-color, or both. The main thing is that he pleased the eye. The bottom of the aquarium can be decorated with various snags, algae, stones, “sunken ships”, artificial pebbles, transparent glass stones and everything that fantasy allows.
The main thing is that this little living corner fit into the big picture.
Aquarium in the bedroom – will give eroticism, and the right “lights, make it a beautiful and unusual nightlight. How much romanticism, this piece of the sea, can bring, if rays of light pass through it and lie down smoothly on the walls and ceiling. On the fantasy of sea travel, will hit the blue lights. In this room it will be possible to dream of long journeys to uninhabited tropical islands.
In the “room for rest, small and medium fish of bright colors of coral reef will look great. If there is an aquarium in the bedroom, then, rather, the bedroom interior should be adjusted to it. For the interior, you can choose different styles. For example, the style of the yacht, the style of the island is tropical, Indian or Japanese and others. From the decorations, it would be nice to abandon the algae and decorate the bottom with embankments of artificial crystals. In the dark of the night, which will be highlighted by the aquarium, the crystals will sparkle and evoke fabulousness.
As for office aquariums, here you should think about practicality. After all, there are many people in the office, and everyone cannot keep track of him. But, the aquarium will attract good luck in business and will become an unusual highlight.
Great attention should be paid to the components of the aquarium. For example, the air supply system, water purification, temperature maintenance.
For this there are special devices that are easy to use.
It should also pay great attention to the choice of residents of this "red corner". Big fish, small and medium-sized, predatory and non-predatory, schooling and lonely, viviparous fishes and non-parturing ones. Also, you can give the aquarium originality and settle in it tritons, or turtles, or different frogs. In general, there is no limit to fantasy, one only needs to provide the pet with proper care and sufficient care.
Making an aquarium is not the most difficult task, the main thing is to approach this matter with the soul. ”
How to decorate an aquarium
We all strive to create a beautiful and unique aquarium. Tastes do not argue, and each of us has our own ideal of beauty. ”Previously, this issue was addressed in the chapter on equipping an aquarium, where some basic rules were touched upon, using which you can achieve success in building an aquarium. The main rule is the imitation of nature, as our aquarium is a particle of wildlife, "and, filling it," with various objects we create its underwater landscape. The objects with which the landscape is formed are called decorative means. Decorative means can be: stones, pounds (gravel and sand), wood, live plants, dead leaves, peat. All of these items help us create landscaping. But it must be remembered that decorative objects have an impact on the inhabitants of the aquarium. This is especially true of living plants. They, like other objects in the aquarium, can affect living conditions. Therefore, “it is necessary to carefully approach the selection of items that will be in the aquarium, and before adding something you need to think about how these items will affect the ecosystem of the aquarium.
Some aquarists believe that the decoration in the aquarium too much, and is harmful for fish. Surely the fish do not care how the aquarium is decorated. We rejoice when our aquarium looks beautiful ”- decorating it with various plants, snags and other decorative objects. A beautiful aquarium is a reason for bragging to relatives, friends, and friends. However, remember that it is necessary to responsibly relate to the breeding of animals.
However, in aquarism, it is considered that the most favorable conditions for fish in an aquarium are created with the help of shelters, shelters when the ground is covered with leaves or peat, and live plants are necessarily present. This creates an underwater landscape that is found in wildlife. There is where to roam your imagination to create your unique corner of nature
Creating an underwater landscape, remember that all surrounding objects are secondary, the main thing in your aquarium is fish and animals or plants, for which you create the environment. The scenery exists to highlight the beauty of your aquarium inhabitants.
Soil – one of the main components of your aquarium. Sand and gravel (lb) are recommended as soil. These materials have great advantages in comparison with garden soil, clay or other materials. First, the pound is fairly easy to clean. Secondly, they can provide all the necessary water plants that will be in your aquarium.
You can use alluvial sand and gravel from rivers or streams. ”The main thing that needs attention is sand and gravel should be clean – without sludge and industrial waste. Industrial waste is especially dangerous for your tank.
Sand and gravel from quarries can be used as soil. It is advisable to use sand from the upper layers, which is located under the layer of soil, because it contains less mineral impurities, lime and clay. If sand and clay were taken from a deep layer of soil for an aquarium, they should be kept for a long time in air.
How to wash the sand
Plants get acclimatized more quickly in poor soil, “as they develop a strong root system.
If the soil contains a lot more minerals than they can absorb, the plants will feel bad. In addition, in a similar environment, various algae are very actively growing, from which it is very difficult to get rid of. Therefore, plants that require special conditions, "for example, reinforced soil with the addition of garden soil or" fat "nutrition is recommended to be planted in separate containers, which are then placed in an aquarium.
Wash the sand in different ways. The simplest and most effective method is to pour part of the sand into a bucket, and pour water in a ratio of 1/3, or 1.2. Further, for high-quality washing, it is necessary to mix sand with water with a stick or hand. Be careful when mixing the soil with your hand, as there may be sharp objects in the sand that may injure your hand. It is categorically not recommended to rinse the sand in metal tanks. For example, in a zinc bucket. After thoroughly washing the sand, it is necessary for it to settle a little and then gently drain the dirty water. With such a cleaning, light impurities are immediately washed out, such as wood chips, leaves and others. If you live in an apartment, it is advisable to pour water into the toilet, so as not to clog the plumbing. It is much easier to wash the sand in the yard. To do this, a garden hose must be placed in the sand bucket, ”connected to the water supply. Thus, the flow of water from the hose will wash the sand, and merge through the edges. For washing gravel, a sieve is usually used, watering the gravel with a hose, light impurities will float over the edge with water. "Sand and gravel are cleaned until" the water is clear. After that, the sand is dried and calcined on a baking sheet. These measures must be taken in order to kill the harmful microorganisms that are in the ground.
How to clean the stones.
It is better to brush the stones with a stiff brush. If the stones are heavily contaminated, they must first be rinsed well, and then rinsed with boiling water.
What should not be placed in an aquarium
Seashells and corals – it would be more appropriate to use in saltwater aquariums. In a freshwater aquarium, they are useless.
Grottoes and castles – from baked clay or "tuff" have never been found in natural water bodies. "These are in fairy tales" there are sunken castles, etc.
This is what should be a fantasy, so that our fish would turn into mermaids who swim among the ruins of an enchanted fairy castle.
Figures of dwarfs with a fishing rod, which are often installed on the edge of the aquarium – it is simply impossible to bear. Especially when they are installed in the aquarium itself. And porcelain frogs or plastic fish are completely suitable only in a baby bath. Real animals are much more interesting. Artificial plants or colored glass pebbles, "which are now so fashionable in some countries." ""
It will look more natural if instead of figurines of divers who mask your sprayer, you’ll disguise yourself with natural objects, such as stones or plants, if you have such a desire. But of course, all technical devices — heaters, thermometers, etc. ”can be left unmasked.
Let’s talk about the stones …
In the aquarium, the stones perform a supporting function. Therefore, they must be "used in the design of the aquarium only in the required quantity. It is better if you use stones of natural shape for decoration, which are found in natural waters.
The stones here act as a decorative environment and therefore they should be the backdrop for plants and fish and emphasize their beauty and nature of the created landscape "in the aquarium.
When creating a river landscape – “rounded stones will be preferable. When recreating the landscape of a rocky coast, angular forms will be more appropriate. ”That is, when creating a landscape in an aquarium, you should strive for maximum realism of recreating the environment in which your relatives fish in the wild. Of course, this may not always happen, because you can keep fish from different parts of the world.
In the aquarium, you can use most of the minerals of the primary rocks, for example, balm, granite, syenite, or types of sandstone that are easily processed. Limestone is less suitable for creating a tropical aquarium, as it gives water its hardness. And your attempts to soften the water will be unsuccessful.
“Avoid the use of stones with sharp edges, fish may cause injury. Avoid using odd-shaped or very variegated stones – they will look tasteless and unnatural and distract attention from the fish in your tank. Stones of unknown rock with metal inclusions are not recommended for use in an aquarium, as they can change the composition of the water ..
If you plan to contain cichlids, crayfish, loaches or catfish, take care that there are shelters in the aquarium. For these types of fish, shelter is a must. And if you let them out in the aquarium, you will be able to watch as they quickly find refuge.
You can also use stones to reinforce the ground or disguise technical devices to organize terraces for planted plants. But do not overdo it – as beautifully laid out stones, you can easily turn into a heap of stones that will spoil the whole look and divert attention from the fish. ""
When using flat angular stones, it is better to lay them horizontally over one another in the form of a terrace – so they will look more natural. "
Small "stones can be laid on the sand. After some time, dirt accumulates in the aquarium under the pebbles. And when cleaning your aquarium, you need to lift the stones, and sand the sand with a stick.
To create a terrace, stones when laying on the sand should be slightly pressed, and the remaining space should be filled with sand.
If the fish that you run into the aquarium like to dig in the sand, take care that the stones are securely strengthened, because there is a chance that your fish will dig sand from under the stone for shelter, and the stone may collapse
Large and large stones designed for terraces are placed directly on the bottom of your aquarium. And then they fall asleep sand. The stones thus installed are very resistant and it is more difficult for small fish to undermine them.
It is also better to place caves of large stones at the bottom of the aquarium, and in some cases to fix cement mortar.
When gluing a cave of stones, it must be kept in water for 2 weeks, often changing the water!
Carefully ensure that at the bottom of the aquarium when laying stones there are no grains of sand. as this may lead to cracks and leakage of the aquarium.
Use of a tree in an aquarium
The branches and roots of trees give a natural and distinctive character to the underwater landscape. But this material also has drawbacks – it contains more soluble substances, which can dye water brown-brown. Wood can also form gil
For aquarium, dead wood is suitable, which is free of bark and does not contain nutritious juices.
Living wood is not recommended to use under any circumstances!
It is recommended to use willow and alder wood, especially if you have found dead parts of trees that were flooded with water – and as a result they are well washed. If the wood has lain for a long time in running water, you can immediately use it when setting up your aquarium. Often suitable wood taken from peat pits.
Do not use wood that has been in the river sludge for a long time, or it has rotten places!
The stalks of bamboo, reed or coconut nutshell are suitable for decorating the underwater landscape. "Various wooden objects should be chosen based on your taste and the purpose of the aquarium – to recreate the environment" characteristic of its inhabitants.
Let’s talk a little about the tree
Wood processing must be done very carefully, in order to get a material that will last you for a long time, it will also get rid of unpleasant surprises mdash; ”water damage, mold rot, and other negative phenomena.
You can’t put the wood you just brought into your tank! Even if it is taken from extremely clean flowing bodies of water, it is necessary to preliminarily scorch it with boiling water.
Boil wood preferably in an enamel saucepan of the required size. Particularly large wooden objects can be divided into parts, so that they can be reconnected with wooden »thorns. In the event that the wood is too light and constantly floats in the pan, it can be pressed to the bottom of the cooking pot with stones. Be sure to ensure that when digesting a wooden object was completely under water, as not well-treated areas in the future will be easily destroyed.
Do not boil wood in pots that are used for cooking or washing clothes! Remnants that settle when boiling wood on the walls of the pan, it is very difficult to remove.
Extraction should be carried out in a saturated solution of cooking, the duration of digestion should be at least an hour. It is better to digest wood than not to boil it!
It is easy to get a saturated salt solution: constantly pour salt into the pan until it stops dissolving, and the undissolved part of the salt that remains at the bottom should dissolve only after the water is heated. ""
If, due to the lack of a suitable container, it is not possible to produce the cooking, pour over the wood "several times with boiling saturated salt solution, then leave the wooden objects" in this solution for ten minutes.
Washing wooden objects is as important as boiling them. boiled wood should be kept in a container in cold water for seven days, changing it several times a day. Only after this aging tree can be placed in the aquarium. At the same time, there is no guarantee that the wood will remain in the aquarium in its original form for a long time. To a large extent, this will depend on the breed and properties of the wood you choose.
Dead wood is always more buoyant. Digesting and washing it is necessary not only to destroy bacteria harmful to wood, but also to expel air from its pores. After processing such wood will become heavier and will sink in water.
Do not boil wood in metal vessels (galvanized, copper, etc.).
Bamboo, snags, nutshell
The method of fastening wooden objects in an aquarium depends entirely on their size and shape, as well as, to a large extent, on the size of the aquarium. In all-glass aquariums it is more difficult to strengthen objects; in frame aquariums it is easier mdash; They can use the "aquarium frame made of metal."
Small snags can be fixed in the aquarium so that they do not emerge, in the following way: the upper end of the object must be sharpened and slipped under the upper bar of the aquarium frame; press the bottom end into the pound. It is even better to reinforce a plank made of wood at the top of the frame, and a snag will rest on it from below. It is also convenient to fasten snag on the plank with a nail or wooden wedge.
Never install snags "between the glasses of the aquarium in thrust! Snags swell in water and can squeeze glass!
Large snags are most securely mounted on a flat wooden base. From wood that does not warp and does not rot in the water, it is necessary to make a plank and drill holes in it of the required size. Insert the lower ends of the curtains into these holes and reinforce them with wooden wedges. After that, set the board with the snags attached to it at the bottom of the aquarium, loading it with stones, and sprinkling it with sand on top.
Bamboo and cane stalks are also “mounted on a wooden board with holes.” In order for the stems not to spoil in water, it is necessary to dip the ends of them beforehand in liquid glass. Liquid glass mdash; This is a technical product that is used for impregnation.
When installing the stems, make sure that “they are not” arranged in too regular rows. It is better to place them around.
Coconut shells mdash; Great material to create shelters for aquarium fish. They look extremely natural and not as dangerous as shelters made from stones that often fall apart. ”The coconut shell is more suitable for tropical aquariums.
The shell must be cleaned of fibers and remove the core. After cleaning, it must be processed as shown in the pictures. Peat fibers and dry foliage also deserve attention. Peat doused with boiling water and washed with water. Lined with peat and dead foliage a pound of the aquarium takes on a dark shade and looks very natural. Fiber peat is particularly suitable for use in aquariums.
The back wall of the aquarium
Much will depend on how you decorate the back wall of the aquarium, especially if the aquarium is placed in the room for decorative purposes, simulates a certain underwater landscape. In this case, you will have unlimited possibilities for the manifestation of your imagination.
If you install an aquarium on the windowsill, the back wall must be left transparent so that light can freely penetrate the aquarium through it. In this case, you need to accept the fact that through the aquarium the window frame and all the objects placed on the windowsill will be visible. However, if you decide to place the aquarium near the wall, the design of the back wall is necessary – this is how you can give your aquarium a finished look. All efforts to create a natural landscape in an aquarium can be crossed out if a wallpaper pattern or a painted wall is visible through the aquarium.
The easiest way to arrange the back wall of the aquarium can be painted it outside, in any soothing color. Thus, you will create a uniform background that will emphasize the beauty of the aquarium.
When choosing a paint, it is best to stay on one that dries quickly and is easily removed by scraping, which would be useful if you want to redo the background. Painting the glass is usually done in a single layer, and the choice of color will depend on your personal preferences. Nevertheless, it should be remembered that “white and black colors are not suitable for the decoration of the back wall of an aquarium – they look deadly and unnatural. It is desirable to exclude "and bright colors. Best-maturing inks are dark tones "mdash;" from gray-brown to olive-green. Against the background of such a color, the bright coloring of fish and the color of algae will look most advantageous. In the process of applying paint should pay attention to the fact that there are no traces of the brush and paint smudges. One of the most interesting approaches used in the design of the back wall is a speckled background that can be obtained by applying paint to the wall of the aquarium with a brush, not with strokes, but with light strokes. Externally, mottled background will look less saturated.
You can also use laquo; frosty patterns; raquo ;. To do this, cut a piece of cardboard, the size of which will match the size of glass, glass and cardboard covered with paint, then firmly press the cardboard and glass "to each other; after a few seconds, the cardboard can be taken away from the glass.
It is not advisable to use an artistically designed back wall when designing an aquarium. It will look tasteless and will not harmonize well with the natural landscape of the aquarium itself.
We make a decorative screen
The best background of your aquarium mdash; specially made screen that simulates a certain landscape of the underwater world. It is placed outside the aquarium, behind the back wall. The advantages of such a screen in front of the back wall, folded in the aquarium of stones, is that it does not take up space, and besides it does not release any “harmful substances” into the water. Also a clear advantage of such a screen is the so-called perspective effect, due to the fact that two glasses and a thick layer of water pass between the observer and the screen. The observer in this case has the impression that the screen is inside the aquarium, while the depth of the aquarium visually increases.
You can further enhance the effect of depth by illuminating the screen with a dim lamp, the brightness of which can be reduced by connecting it to a flashlight battery or step-down transformer. It is very easy to make a decorative screen. First make a flat wooden box with a depth of 5-10 cm, the height and width of which will fully correspond to the size of the back wall of the aquarium, install the box you made behind the back wall of the aquarium. In the box you need to fix various items that will imitate the underwater landscape. When making a decorative screen, the following materials are most often used: large stones, pebbles, bizarre plant roots, tree branches, bark, dried ivy or honeysuckle, bamboo, cane stalks, dried grass, leaves, various mosses and peat. Fix items with cement, glue, plaster nails, wire or screws. ”
You can achieve a complete illusion of space if you decorate a decorative screen and an aquarium with the same decorative materials. As an example, the following option can be given: the stones or terraces located in the aquarium itself will smoothly transition into the landscape imitating a rocky cliff, which is placed on the decorative screen.
Aquarium at home is not only beautiful, but also useful. Fish soothe, relieve tension, relax. Nice to admire the fish.
What do you need for an aquarium? So you already bought an aquarium. You need to lay some kind of carpet on the fish. For this you can use shells or stones. In short, the ground. Soil can be taken any, according to your desire. If the fish are small, any will do. but it is possible that there are fish in nature (I do not know) that can eat up too shallow ground, and for this it is desirable for them to get bigger. It is best to consult with aquarists. "
It would be nice to put algae in the aquarium. They can be either live or plastic. Especially no difference, but living is better, since it is a living plant, it will enrich your aquarium with oxygen a little. You should always consult with experienced people, or at least read on the Internet, so that the algae are not poisonous. Because many fish can pinch them a little and eat them. You do not want to harm your fish.
A compressor is a device that enriches your tank with oxygen. Inside, there are one or more fans, which also blow air bubbles through the water. The compressor is obligatory, because without it the fish will be bad, even though they live in water, they also need air. In my fish, when I do not change the water for too long, the compressor is already clogged there and the bubbles are not released, in fish, in general, the pressure rises, and on the nose above the mouth, the red veins protrude. This is bad and they can hurt, but for my fish it goes away on its own after a few hours of swimming in clean, oxygenated water.
It would be great, except for the fish to put snails in the aquarium. Snails will crawl along the walls of the aquarium, clearing them from how many raids. "
Also the fish must have light. Buy them a special highlight. And take a special place for feeding, so that the feed does not spread throughout the water. This can be done from a square of foam that will float, and will be secured with a wire to the wall of the aquarium.
When the aquarium is ready, you can let in the fish !! This is, in principle, the basic elements, if desired, you can invest and snags in the aquarium, and various houses, this is how you want. Good luck to you!! 🙂