In this article we will continue the discussion about the installation of the aquarium, which began with the article: Aquarium for beginners. Now consider how to install and run the aquarium correctly, without harming yourself and the fish. After all, the launch of an aquarium is at least half of a successful business. Errors made at this time, can still interfere with the normal balance for a long time.
Installation of an aquarium
When the aquarium is already installed, it is filled with water and fish are running into it, it is very difficult and problematic to rearrange it. Therefore, it must be properly installed from the start.
Make sure that the place and stand where you are going to put it – will hold the weight of the aquarium, do not forget, the mass can reach large values. Be sure to check the distortions using the level, even if you think that everything is smooth.
Do not place the aquarium so that the edges hang from the stand. It is fraught with the fact that it just crumbles. The aquarium should stand on a stand all the bottom surface.
Glue the background before installing the aquarium; the easiest way to do this is to put a thin layer of glycerin on the background. Glycerin is sold in a pharmacy.
Do not forget that the aquarium should be free space for maintenance and pipe filter. Finally, when the place is chosen and it is reliable, do not forget the substrate under the aquarium, which will smooth out the irregularities and help to more evenly distribute the load on the bottom of the aquarium. As a rule, it comes complete with an aquarium, do not forget to check with the seller.
Running aquarium – a detailed video in several parts:
Ground laying and filling
All soils, except the original in the package, must be thoroughly cleaned before they sleep in the aquarium. A large amount of fine dirt and debris is present in all soils, and if you do not rinse it, you will seriously clog the water.
The process of washing the soil is long and dirty, but extremely necessary. The easiest method is to wash a small amount of soil under running water. Strong water pressure will wash all the light elements and leave the ground almost intact.
You can also just pour a small amount of soil into a bucket and put it under the tap, while forgetting about it for a while. When you return it will be clean.
Laying the soil can be uneven, it is best to place the soil at an angle. The front window has a smaller layer, the rear one has a larger one. This creates a better look at the review and makes it easier to clean up the garbage that accumulates near the front glass.
Soil thickness is important if you are going to plant live plants, and should be at least 5-8 cm.
Before pouring water in, check if the aquarium is level. This can be done with a building level. Distortion can increase the wrong load on the walls, and it just does not look aesthetically pleasing.
The second part of the launch:
Then it’s time to fill the jar, usually with tap water. Just let it drip slightly to avoid debris and stagnant water. If possible, fill slowly, trying not to blur the soil, it is better to use a hose for this.
Even well washed soil will give dregs the first time. You can simply put a plate on the bottom and direct the flow of water to it, the water will not erode the soil and the turbidity will be minimal. Filling the aquarium should be to the top, but leave a few centimeters underfilling. Do not forget, the plants and scenery will take the same place.
After the aquarium is filled, add a special conditioner to the water, it will help to quickly remove chlorine and other elements from the water.
You can add water from the old aquarium (if you already have one), but only after the fresh water in the aquarium warms up. You can also put a filter from the old aquarium.
The third video about the launch:
After the aquarium is full, you can proceed to the installation and testing of equipment. The heater should be installed in a place with a good flow, for example, near the filter. So the water will warm up more evenly.
Do not forget that the heater must be completely submerged under water! Modern heaters are sealed, they work completely under water. Do not try to bury it in the ground, or the heater will break or the bottom of the aquarium will crack!
Set the temperature to about 24-25 ° C, as it warms up, check with a thermometer. Unfortunately, heaters can give a difference of 2-3 degrees. Most of them have a light bulb that lights up in the process of work, you can understand from it when it is on.
Internal filter – if the filter does not need aeration (for example, there is a compressor), then it should be placed on the very bottom, since all the dirt accumulates there. If you sculpt it in 10-20 cm above the ground, then there will be no sense from it, and the whole bottom will be littered with garbage. The closer to the surface, the better the aeration, if needed.
So the filter mounting is the choice of the optimal depth – it is necessary that it be as low as possible, but at the same time, aeration works … And this is already determined by experience. But it is better to read the instructions for the model that you purchased.
When you turn on the filter for the first time, air will come out of it, perhaps even more than once. Do not worry, it will take several hours before all the air is cleaned with water.
External filter is a little more difficult to connect, but again – read the instructions. Be sure to place the pipes for intake and discharge of water in different ends of the aquarium. This will eliminate dead spots, places where the water in the aquarium stagnates.
It is better to place water intake near the bottom, and do not forget to put a protection on it – a prefilter, so that fish or large debris do not accidentally suck in. External filter must be filled before work. That is, before being included in the network, it is filled with water using a manual pump.
I’ll tell you that on some models it is not so easy, I had to suffer. As in the internal filter, in the external one there is air that will be released with time. But at first, the filter can work quite loudly, do not be afraid. If you want to speed up the process, gently tilt the filter at different angles or shake slightly.
Driftwood must be thoroughly rinsed and then boiled. This applies to both branded and those that you have found or bought on the market. Sometimes snags are dry and float, in which case they need to be soaked in water.
The process is not fast, so do not forget to change the water in the tank with the wet rod. How, where and how many elements to put this business of your taste and not for me to advise. The only thing – make sure that everything is firmly installed, and the glass will not break if you break it.
In the case of installation in the aquarium of large stones – 5 or more kg, does not interfere with the ground, put foam under it. This will ensure that such a large cobblestone does not break the bottom.
Running fish and planting plants
When can I run the fish in a new aquarium? After the water is filled, the décor is installed, and the equipment is connected, wait 2-3 days (4-5 is even better) before planting the fish. During this time, the water warms up, cleared. You make sure that the equipment works as it should, the temperature is stable and what you need, the dangerous elements (chlorine) have evaporated.
At this time, it is good to add special preparations to facilitate the establishment of balance in the aquarium. These are liquids or powders that contain beneficial bacteria that live in the soil and filter, and purify water from harmful substances.
Plants can be planted a little faster before planting fish, but not before the water warms up to 24 C.
Plant the plants, wait a couple of days for the dregs to settle and launch your new pets.