How to sanitize aquarium
- UV lamp (if any);
- Pan for boiling the soil (if there is such a need).
The easiest way is to treat the aquarium with hot water, ideally boiling water. In this case, all microbes and microorganisms will die. Be careful: the temperature of the water should be increased smoothly so that the glass does not crack. But this method is only suitable for seamless aquariums and structures with hard glue – it looks similar to ceramics. If the glass is planted on a soft silicone sealant, it will become soft from the hot water and the aquarium may start to leak, and the glued tank may fall apart altogether.
Another effective way is a strong disinfector. You can treat the aquarium with a powerful liquid cleaner or chlorine-containing solution. But after processing, the aquarium should be thoroughly rinsed, as even small residues of cleaning substance can destroy the fish. Ideally, the aquarium should be thoroughly rinsed several times, then filled with water, allowed to stand for a day and then rinsed again.
Hydrogen peroxide can also be used to disinfect an aquarium. It acts weaker than the previous versions, but is safer. Of course, the aquarium will have to be washed with water, but not so intensively.
For processing the aquarium, you can use ordinary table salt. First make a slurry of salt and water and use a soft sponge to clean the glass and seams. Then fill the aquarium with water, add salt at the rate of 1 teaspoon per liter of water and leave for a couple of hours. Then drain the water and rinse the aquarium thoroughly – salt is harmful for many fish species, and for some it is deadly. Another method of disinfection that can be applied even to aquarium plants without the risk of destroying them is potassium permanganate. Make a medium pink solution and rinse the aquarium by wiping it with a soft sponge from the inside. Then wash the aquarium with water. Plants for disinfection should be put for 10-15 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. Do not overdo it with the concentration – there is a risk to burn the plants and stain the glass with a brown coating. There is a drug that can disinfect an aquarium, even with fish – methylene blue. It has bactericidal and fungicidal properties, but is practically harmless to living organisms. The drug is available in the form of drops, for disinfection it is necessary to dilute it in a ratio of 2 ml per 10 liters of water. The only downside is painting everything blue.
There is another mild method of disinfection that does not harm plants and fish – ultraviolet lamp. This option can be used both independently and in combination with the above. Using a lamp is simple: use it for several days instead of the usual lamp.
When it becomes necessary to disinfect an aquarium, the question arises: what to do with the ground. The most effective way is to boil. In this case, all microbes die with one hundred percent probability.
Before you decide on such a purchase as an aquarium with fish, you need to know how to properly install it in the home. After all, special conditions are necessary for keeping fish, and harmonious decoration will delight not only the owner, but also the guests.
The temperature of the water in the aquarium should not exceed 25 ° C. You can check it with a thermometer, but only after warming up the water. So the aquarium should stand for several days, only then it will be possible to start the fish themselves.
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If the fish were sick, but you cured them – still disinfect the aquarium. The infection may be in a latent state and sooner or later manifest itself.
Be sure to ask your family or friends to help you, it is very difficult to manage it alone even with a small aquarium.
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- Plant disinfection
Proper Aquarium Care – Disinfection
Do not forget that the aquarium is a real home for fish. He, like the human home, needs cleaning. If a person can provide himself with cleaning often, then this luxury is not available for fish, so the owner should be engaged in disinfecting the aquarium and monitoring the condition of their pets. Many people know about it, but not everyone knows how to disinfect an aquarium correctly.
The first disinfection of the aquarium occurs immediately after you purchase the tank. The future home for fish must undergo a thorough treatment before the first inhabitants of the flora and fauna appear there.
How to carry out the initial disinfection:
- Fill the aquarium with plain water.
- Dilute the solution of potassium permanganate to a dark color and pour it into an aquarium filled with tap water.
- After that, leave it for a day. During this time, all pathogenic bacteria will die.
- Drain all the water and wipe dry the walls with a dry cloth.
- Rinse it several times with clean running water.
The next step will be the preparation of water for the launch of a new aquarium. To free chlorine out of the water, you must defend all 100% of the water for at least 3 days. Then pour and wait a couple of days. Only after this water will be ready to accept the first inhabitants.
In order not to waste time, prepare the rest of the equipment and decor for your exclusive reservoir. Do not forget, they also need to be thoroughly disinfected before they end up in the same water as the fish. Particular attention is paid to the ground. As it is most often used sea sand and pebbles collected in natural conditions. Of course, in the substrate collected a huge number of pathogenic bacteria that will poison the entire environment in the water. To defeat the negative consequences you need to ignite the soil in the oven or in a large frying pan. Exposure to maximum temperature should be all the soil and at least 20 minutes. For convenience, divide it into portions. Do not put the hot sand in the aquarium! Cool and rinse thoroughly. One washing is not enough, it is better to repeat the procedure 3-4 times, only after that you can put it in the aquarium. Do not ignore this stage of the initial launch of the aquarium.
Among the mandatory elements of the normal functioning of an artificial reservoir are accessories. Collect all the elements of the decor, excluding plastic options and boil them thoroughly. Since plastic parts can melt from heat treatment, it is better to process them with a dark solution of potassium permanganate.
Flow disinfection measures
In the event that the aquarium is already functioning, but a nuisance has happened and various bacteria and algae have begun to appear in it, then disinfection cannot be avoided. It is urgent to save plants and fish from there.
All the fauna that was in the infected aquarium should be treated with an antibacterial solution. The most popular is a mixture of 10 mg of penacilin per 2 liters of water. Soak plants in it for about 3 days. Do not be afraid, nothing terrible will happen to plants during this time. The aquarium itself can be disinfected with a special bactericidal lamp every day for 20 minutes. Aquarium disinfection is necessary even if there are no visible problems. Preventive measures are the best way to maintain the health of fish and other inhabitants. The next disinfection begins with a disinfecting treatment of all surfaces. The simplest available tools are potassium permanganate and peroxide. Remove from there all the fish and decor, then fill to the edge with 3% peroxide or dark solution of potassium permanganate. Leave everything for 5-6 hours. After that, thoroughly rinse all surfaces and corners.
To disinfect plants, it is necessary to prepare a penicillin solution in a ratio of 10: 2. Leave all the plants there for about three days.
The most common means are:
These tools can wipe the plants just one time, this will be enough to kill the pathogenic sphere. Sell these funds in pet pharmacies. The rest of the inventory should be boiled. For fidelity, keep them in boiling water for at least 20 minutes. The more time they spend in boiling water, the less chance the bacteria will survive. Note, rubber, plastic and thermometers can not be boiled in any case.
Choose the most convenient way for yourself and enjoy the view of a beautiful, healthy aquarium with happy fish.
How to sanitize aquarium
An aquarium is a home for fish. It needs cleaning, which for water pets should always be accompanied and disinfected. Let us consider how to do this before settling fish there and in the process of their living there.
Primary Disinfection Aquarium
If you purchased an aquarium, you do not need to hurry with its design and settlement of fish. After all, the fish house needs to be sanitized and water treated.
First fill the aquarium with water. In another container, dissolve the potassium permanganate until dark. Then pour the solution into the aquarium, stir and leave for a day. After 24 hours, pour all the liquid from the aquarium. After that, wipe the fish house with a clean, dry cloth. Rinse your tank once more with water. Now you can prepare the water to fill the aquarium. It must be defended for three days before pouring into the aquarium. After filling the aquarium with separated water, you need to wait a few more days. Only after that you can run there fish. And while you wait for these couple of days, you should carefully prepare all the other items in the aquarium. They, too, need to be disinfected. So, the sand should be placed on a hot frying pan. It is recommended to “fry” it, thus disinfecting, for at least 20 minutes. Then the sand should be allowed to cool. Wash it thoroughly to remove dirt and other unwanted particles. Rinse should be done 2-3 times. This method of disinfection is mandatory, since dangerous bacteria live in the sand, which can harm the health of your aquatic pets.
Accessories for the aquarium also need to be disinfected. It’s about boiling. Plastic products are recommended to be treated with a strong solution of potassium permanganate, because they can be deformed when boiling. But stones, drainage pipes and other items for the formation of shelters should be boiled thoroughly.
If bacteria have appeared in your tank and caused plant diseases, then you need to urgently save them. Such plants should be placed in an antibacterial solution, which is prepared from 5 mg of penicillin per liter of water. In it, the algae are kept for 3 days. And the aquarium itself can be disinfected with a bactericidal lamp, doing this for 20 minutes.
Even if everything is in order in your tank, it still needs regular disinfection as a preventive measure to support the health of your aquatic pets. After all, there is no other way to get rid of microorganisms.
For the next disinfection of the fish house, you need to choose a solution for the treatment of all surfaces. The most simple and affordable is the same potassium permanganate or hydrogen peroxide. Aquarium should be freed from its pets and decor, pour to the brim with 3% hydrogen peroxide solution or a saturated solution of potassium permanganate. Let him stand like this for 4-5 hours.
Another method of disinfection, faster, is washing with a special disinfectant of high concentration. You can clean the tank with a solution of formalin and chloramine, hydrochloric acid and bleach.
In order to disinfect all plants, you need to prepare a penicillin solution: 5 mg per 1 liter of water. It is desirable to leave them in such a solution for three days. Sidex and isopropane, n-propanol and ethanol are often used to disinfect aquarium and equipment. All items just need to wipe with 70% isopropanol, 60% n-propanol or 70% ethanol. One wipe is enough. This method is not dangerous for fish, because alcohols are volatile substances that evaporate quickly. They are effective for removing bacteria and microbacteria. With the latter to fight much harder.
As for boiling inventory and other decor items, then by the time it should last at least 15 minutes. Boiling should not be subject to objects of rubber and plastic, heaters and thermometers.
Each aquarist himself chooses a convenient way to disinfect the aquarium. It is necessary only after it to wash all items with boiled water and to do disinfection regularly.
Disinfection of aquarium and equipment
Disinfection is carried out if a contagious disease is detected in the biotope, in order to prevent its spread and eliminate it as soon as possible.
Such parasites as ciliates, flagellates, flukes, which are causes of disease: ihtioftiridioz, trihodinioz, hilodonelloz, kostioz, oodinioz, hexamitiasis, cryptobiosis, dactylogyrosis, girodaktiloz ownerless live biotope in a relatively short time. Therefore, if an aquarist is sure that the parasites listed above were the causative agents, disinfection of the aquarium is not necessary. In this case, it is necessary to remove the fish from the vessel for 15 days, change the water, and then maintain the temperature of 26-28 degrees in the aquarium for 12 days, of which 3 days – 32-33 degrees. Adult parasites will die in the first three days, and covered with cysts, having developed in 3-12 days, will not find a new host for themselves and will die in three days (a temperature of 32-33 degrees will kill them). After the specified period, you can run the fish back.
But many pathogens of infectious diseases can live in the aquarium for a long time or remain on the inventory in the form of cysts, eggs, etc. In these cases, the aquarium, plants, soil, inventory must be disinfected.
When disinfecting, the aquarium is treated with a disinfectant solution.
Filter material, nebulizers, nets boil for 10-15 minutes. Heaters, thermometers, hoses, filter housing (meaning plastic), rubber suckers can not be boiled. They are also treated with disinfectant solutions. Spray can be kept in nitric acid for several hours. Inventory is treated with a soft brush, washed several times with water. The soil of the aquarium is boiled for 30 minutes or replaced with a new one.
• 0.1% solution of potassium permanganate;
• 3% solution of chloramine;
• 4% formalin solution;
• 5% solution of hydrochloric or sulfuric acid;
• 5% bleach solution.
The procedure for disinfecting an aquarium is as follows: fish, plants, mollusks, and other aquatic organisms are removed from the biotope (they undergo a separate special treatment, for example, fish are quarantined); The vessel is poured with a solution to the brim for one day, the next day the solution is poured and thoroughly washed several times with clean water. After this, the biotope is launched anew.
When mycobacteriosis to use acidic drugs is useless, because the bacteria do not react to them. For disinfection in this disease, washing powders are used (450 g of powder per 30-40 liters of water). In the same solution, the inventory is also washed. After disinfection, all objects are washed several times with warm water and rinsed, then water is poured into the vessel, left for a few days, then poured again and this time finally poured.
In mycobacteriosis, the aquarium and inventory can also be disinfected with a 5% bleach solution or a 3% chloramine solution: one liter of the solution is poured into the aquarium and the inside and outside walls and corners are moistened with a cloth moistened with it several times a day. After that, the aquarium is rinsed several times, the soil is poured and filled with fresh, settled water, plants are planted and after a few days they start the fish.
Ozone treatment of water or irradiation of it with a bactericidal lamp for 15–20 minutes can be used for disinfection.
Plants, if they are not to be destroyed, are placed in a solution of penicillin (50 mg per 10 liters of water). You can also use the solution bicillin-5 at the rate of 150,000 IU per 10 liters of water. Disinfection of pre-washed plants is carried out in a container with water at a temperature of 24-26 degrees (can be higher, depending on the type of plant) for 5-6 days (up to two weeks). Disinfecting solution is applied once a day, after changing the water. In the first two hours the vessel is shaded, then kept under normal lighting.
In some diseases (mainly caused by spores, for example, in case of plistophoresis, glugeosis, nodular disease, the causative agents of which may be at rest in the form of spores protected by a shell), disinfection of the aquarium and aquatic vegetation does not produce results. In this case, the plants are destroyed.
Obviously, disinfection of an aquarium is a very laborious operation. In practice, even experienced aquarists use it quite infrequently: mainly in the event of a massive epidemic. Therefore, the best way is to prevent the beginning of a contagious disease in the biotope, which is achieved by quarantining newly arrived hydrobionts, preventing diseases in the aquarium, careful selection and processing of food (live), proper care, daily inspection and culling of fish with suspected diseases, etc.