Anyone, even just a beginner, aquarist at least in general represents what the filtration process in an aquarium is and what it is for. But what is a phytofilter know not many.
A phyto-filter is usually a portable structure, in which not aquarium plants grow, but their roots are in direct contact with the aquarium water. It is the roots of such plants that provide the filtration process.
And it happens in two ways:
• Branched, well-developed roots of plants, immersed in water, very quickly become a haven for the development of colonies of beneficial bacteria. These colonies contribute to the establishment of the right balance in water for all characteristics.
• The roots of plants themselves absorb compounds dissolved in it from the water and purify it. Decomposing excess feed, fish excretions pollute the water, and the roots of plants located directly in the water suck in nitrate substances.
In addition, the roots enrich the water with oxygen. Of course, the release of oxygen by the roots is noticeably less than that by its leaves, but for an aquarium, an additional source of oxygen is an essential advantage.
Reasons for installing the filter:
1. When fish or other aquarium animals eat aquarium plants, for example, aquariums with goldfish or cichlids. Plants from the plant they will not get it.
2. When the design of the aquarium does not involve a large number of plants inside.
3. And two more reasons, which adds advantages to the use of the phytofilter, are its absolute environmental friendliness and naturalness. And the ability to protect the aquarium from the dominance of algae.
4. The need to strengthen the filtration in the aquarium, in addition to the installed filters or the inability to install an external filter, for example due to the design features of the aquarium pebble.
Phytofilters are not used only in herbal aquariums, as the plant roots from the phytofilter will select all nutrients from the water.
How to make a fit filter and which plants to use.
Do not confuse phytofilter with biofilter! It is also impossible to correlate it with the presence of aquarium plants.
It is necessary to remember the main thing explaining the essence of the phytofilter: its basis is that plants grow not in water, but in the open air. And only their roots are in the water, cleaning it and giving the correct, balanced performance at the exit.
The simplest device phytofilter – tray with plants attached to the wall of the aquarium. Regular indoor plants are planted in the finished substrate in a tray with holes. Next, the tray is attached to the aquarium wall, and the tray provides a stream of water from the aquarium.
Another type of fitofilter is a tank for plants, built into the cover of the aquarium. The meaning is exactly the same: the roots planted in the coarse-grained substrate of the plant are in direct contact with aquarium water and absorb harmful (but nutritious for themselves) compounds from it.
Plants that can be used for phytofilter:
• Many lianas are very well suited for the phytofilter, for example, plant species. These are unpretentious, but beautiful plants. They can wrap around the rack next to the aquarium and give it a special decorative look. And the thick roots of vines perfectly perform the function of purifying water.
• Spathiphyllum is a tropical plant that feels great in diffused light. The plant grows quickly, seamlessly multiplies and blooms with beautiful flowers, boats.
• Chlorophytum. This is a very unpretentious plant with elegant narrow leaves, which is an excellent oxygenator.
You can also use tradescantia, fittonia, various types of ficus and many other plants.
Creating a phytofilter for an aquarium is a very simple matter, with which you can give an aquarium an unusual look. And to admire both fish and beautiful plants at once!