Today I will tell you in detail about how to properly run your first aquarium. So!
Only at first glance, it seems that starting an aquarium – just spit: he poured water, threw out the soil, snag, stuck a couple of bushes of plants all – you can run the fish. If you do this today, then tomorrow you will collect fish swimming to the top with a belly of a fish: they will simply die! Preparing for launch is extremely responsible. We look at the step-by-step algorithm for launching an aquarium.
To begin, you must carefully prepare the soil, snags and plants.
Selection of aquarium fish
2) Soil. With the ground, everything is a little simpler: if you use pebbles or gravel (size is unimportant), then they should definitely be boiled for an hour, in slightly salted water. If you use sand, it is imperative that the sand be calcined in a griddle: there is even more rubbish in the sand than in the bark and pebbles (gravel) combined! The sand is poured in parts on a hot frying pan and “fried” for 30 minutes. In this case, the sand must often be stirred with a wooden spatula or spoon. After calcining, I recommend sifting sand through a fine sieve to remove any random impurities that are larger than sand (I always do that and advise you). After these procedures, the soil can be applied.
3) Plants. As for plants, they should also be disinfected. But, naturally, they are not thermally processed. Purchased plants are first recommended to rinse with running water. Then, add some water to the bowl and add a couple of potassium permanganate crystals to it (the water will turn pale pink). Next, you remove the plants from the solution of potassium permanganate and put them in a container, say, in a jar, with settled water. Leave the plants in the pot for a week: during this time the plants will create their own microclimate and will pass certain stages of adaptation. Leave them alone for now.
4) Aquarium. Everything is simple: it should be thoroughly cleaned, but never use household chemicals for washing. If, God forbid, rinse the tank badly and even a drop of “chemistry” remains, then you are in trouble! Wash the aquarium only with a stiff brush, new sponges, and as a detergent you can use a little salt or soda.
Choosing a large aquarium
5) Required equipment for the aquarium. This concept includes:
- a compressor, also known as an aerator (this device serves to enrich the aquarium water with oxygen);
- Fish Tank Filter – a device that filters water, retaining all sorts of organic and mechanical suspensions, such as: dust particles, particles of rotting plants, etc.;
- thermometer – it is clear why;
- fluorescent lamp – for lighting the aquarium (the power and intensity of the lamp glow depends on the specific types of fish and plants that will live in the new house);
- nets, scrapers, sponges – also understandable for what;
- cover for the aquarium should be necessary, because the threat from the outside has not been canceled.
Depending on the size and weight of the aquarium, you select the appropriate cabinet. You can choose a place arbitrarily, but note: the aquarium should not stand near the window or in the immediate vicinity of the radiators. The best place for him is under the wall.
Now we come to the stages of filling a new house for fish with soil, snags, plants, water and residents.
Run the aquarium. Stage One: stele soil. The soil can be filled with an even layer, and you can create mountains and hills – this is to your taste. But note: a layer of soil, in any case, must be at least 4-5 centimeters. This is necessary so that the soil is not heavily silted. When filling the ground, consider the tastes of your fish: some fish like sand, others like only gravel or pebbles, and still others like sand and gravel in a mixed state. In general, this factor should be taken into account.
Fertilizer for aquarium
Run the aquarium. Stage Two: install snags and other accessories. Well, there is nothing difficult: take a pencil, a sheet of paper and sketch out the approximate location of the accessories. By the way, this method is the most reasonable and is used by experienced aquarists. Example: a snag is placed a little further from the center of the aquarium, at the bottom, in a chaotic or orderly manner, flat stones, fancy stones, shells, fragments of ceramics, clay shards, coconut shells, bamboo, etc. are placed.
Run the aquarium. Stage Three: fill the water. Attention: water should be poured very carefully in order to avoid excessive turbidity. How to do it right? Take a bucket of water and a piece of ordinary garden hose. Now lower one end of the hose into the bucket and the other end into the aquarium, to the very bottom. The bucket should be placed above the level of the aquarium (take the stepladder and put the bucket on the uppermost platform). Then – pure physics (the law of communicating vessels): take the end of the hose, which is lowered into the aquarium, into your mouth, make a suction effort – and the water will flow from the bucket to the aquarium. Now direct a stream of water on the glass and you will avoid turbidity. There is another way: when pouring water (without a hose and a bucket), you should put a plate at the bottom of the tank and direct the flow of water into it: the water from the plate will evenly and without splashing fill the tank. When the aquarium is full, we leave it alone (we don’t populate any fish and other living creatures there – it’s too early).
Run the aquarium. Stage Four: we connect the filter and the compressor. The size of the filter is directly proportional to the size of your tank: that is, for a large one – a large one, for a small one – a small one. Each filter has a power regulator. Put the regulator in the middle position. Next, run the compressor and also in the average mode. Attention: if the room is warm, then you do not need an aquarium heater. If it is cool, then it will be necessary in order to establish a constant (more or less) water temperature. As a rule, the optimum temperature is + 23 * С + 25 * С. Lighting do not turn on. And I remind you once again: do not plant plants or fish!
In this state, the aquarium should stand for some time. We follow the changes that will occur during the launch of the aquarium:
1) Day one – the fourth: it is likely that the water may become turbid. Let it not scare you: at this time a peculiar microclimate is created and your intervention may disrupt the ecology of the aquarium;
2) On the fourth day, plant the first plants in the aquarium. Plants should be the most undemanding to the parameters of water. These are: nayas, rogolnik, valisneria, riccia, hygrophil, ambulia.
3) On the ninth or tenth day, you can turn on the lighting. But only for a certain time, about 9-10 hours a day. At the same time, we take out and clean the filter: in ten days it has become rather clogged and needs thorough cleaning. (By the way, about cleaning the filter. When you clean and rinse it, type in a separate tank of aquarium water (from your own aquarium) and rinse it only in this water). Run into the new house of the first inhabitants: for example, a flock of Swordsmen. The first day, watch the fish, but do not feed them (do not be afraid – they will not die).
4) Day eleven: feed the fish. Feed a little bit, because yesterday your fish did not eat. And if they give a lot of food, then they begin to have problems with the stomach. Feed them twice a day in small amounts of bloodworms. Keep watching.
5) The seventeenth and twentieth day: if everything is in order and your fish is cheerful and mobile, then the ecosystem is established, and you can continue to move. However, before this, it is necessary to replace about 10-15% of water, clean the glass, clean the filter again. Depending on the size of the aquarium, you can continue its settlement, but keep in mind the following: overpopulation is the enemy not only of the fish themselves, but of the whole ecosystem in principle. Remember the unspoken rule: for 1 fish, up to 5 centimeters in size, you need 2-3 liters of water. Based on this, conclude who and how much you can put in the aquarium. Do not forget the snails, because the snail is a natural laboratory for the processing of organic garbage!
6) Day twenty-five: clean the soil, replace the water – 15% of the volume.
Here, in fact, the entire launch of the aquarium: now it has got its climate and it works!
Your next steps:
1) weekly water change, in the amount of 1/3 of the total water volume;
2) filter cleaning – once every five days;
3) once a week we clean the soil;
4) Diversify the diet of your fish.
That’s all for now.
As you can see, the launch of the aquarium is a delicate matter. But if you show patience and diligence, then the reward will be appropriate: a perfectly working aquarium!
All the best to you and see you soon in new interesting articles!