Everywhere where you do not spit, they say that you need a filter in the aquarium, that without a filter in the aquarium, you just can’t go anywhere. It is quite logical question, but in fact, why do we need a filter in the aquarium? Is it possible to do without a filter in an aquarium? Let’s see together why a filter is needed in an aquarium and why it is so mandatory from itself, and what functions it actually performs.
So. The main function of the filter in the aquarium actually comes from its name – the filter in the aquarium makes cleaning (water filtration) in the aquarium. That is, the filter in the aquarium is needed for the purity of the water. In general, this is true, but if you dive a little deeper into the wilds of filtering water in an aquarium, it turns out that there are several types of filterings and they all perform slightly different functions.
The first and simplest type of filtration for which you need a filter in an aquarium is mechanical. To be more precise, this process on a more scientific recipe is called a little longer – mechanical removal of suspensions, emphasizes guppyclub.ru. Explained in a simple way – when filtering water mechanically in an aquarium, various garbage, fish feces and all sorts of other romantic creatures swimming in the thick of aquarium water (scientifically in balance) and interfere with aesthetic contemplation of the caudate pets, linger on the Fish Tank Filter sponge. In general, mechanical filtration improves the visual clarity of the water in an aquarium.
Why do I need a filter in the aquarium.
The second type of filtration, for which you need a filter in an aquarium, is biological. Here the kitchen is more complicated. To do this, dive into the depth of filtration even lower. Biological water filtration implies that something that has not been removed by mechanical filtration of aquarium water and is still floating in the aquarium is fed to these delicacies by bacteria that live in any decent aquarium, on even the most indecent place under the thickness aquarium water. Simply put, the remaining filth is devoured by bacteria that live on virtually any flooded surface.
Here you have to think, and where are these surfaces the most? The answer, of course, is in the filter, more precisely on its sponge and other fillers with a large surface area, as well as in the aquarium soil. Why? But because we remember the lessons of geometry, which skipped, remember how the surface area is considered? That’s what it is, the largest surface area in the aquarium will be at the ground (the smaller the pebbles, the better) and highly porous filter media, that is, most often – foam sponges.
According to the results, the living space for bacteria in the aquarium will be maximum in the ground and in the sponge. And now it is worth considering how it is more convenient for the bacteria to catch the remains of fish feces and other goodies? The answer is obvious – it is more convenient when she swims in her mouth. Since a large amount of water passes through the filter, which means that through the filter sponge too, it turns out that the dinner is for bacteria and floats by itself. This is how the filter performs biological filtering.
Here the truth must be remembered that bacteria can also defecate, which they do with great pleasure, the more abundant the table, the better the chair, this is true for aquarium bacteria, and few people want their "good", and therefore – change some water in the aquarium. Water changes in the aquarium help remove the waste of bacteria, so the actual water in the aquarium is changed and not replaced by evaporated ones.
And a couple more moments with biofiltration – the bacteria in the aquarium also breathe, which means that oxygen is also necessary for biofiltration and the more bacteria, the more friendly they breathe and the more they spend valuable oxygen, and given that the plants do not work at night, that is, they do not emit oxygen in the process of photosynthesis, and even vice versa – they have the audacity to consume it, then at night, having sighed at once – the bacteria, together with the plants shielding themselves from work, can still be left without valuable gas of fish and other snails. Conclusion one, so that there is no oxygen starvation, the compressor (this is such an air bubble) should work around the clock, 24 hours a day and especially at night. It is electric and can work seven days a week, so do not worry.
Well, the latest about biofiltration. A bunch of bacteria on the filter sponge that eat and breathes in full, have so much food and air due to the flow of water bringing all these goodies, and if the filter is turned off from the outlet, the holiday of consumption will end abruptly, and without delicacies, and most importantly, bacteria will break out the economic crisis that the US Federal Reserve will understand that they are still lucky. As a result of turning off the filter, the flow of water, which means food and air will dry out, and the voracious bacts will take a break from hunger in a few hours. But the most interesting thing will start when the filter turns on and a bunch of rotting bacteria corpses splashes out into the aquarium – fish will not like this neighborhood very much – they know a lot of fastidiousness, so the filter is also strongly recommended not to be turned off for more than 20 minutes and the sponge to be washed gently, gently and only in water taken from an aquarium.
The next type of filtration is disinfection with ultraviolet radiation. In some filters there is such a thing as an ultraviolet lamp, even it can be called a UV lamp or a UV emitter. To look at such a light bulb Ilyich is not very useful, the retina, you know, is very protesting. So, in some modern filters this UV-lamp is thrust into the filter and the water at the outlet of the Fish Tank Filter, passing through such illumination, is disinfected, to put it simply – all living creatures that have glanced at the miracle light bulb immediately die, as if looking basilisk eyes. And the dead, as is known, do not bite, so the fight with any contagion and abomination contained in aquarium water is conducted by a UV lamp very successfully. By the way, if you are not a special fan of normal water changes, then a UV lamp will help to destroy the algae floating in the water, that is, to prevent and / or stop water blooming in the aquarium, though later, the feces of bacteria and fish will still be finished if the water is you can’t change, but at least you can look at agonizing fish, and you will not be able to prevent algae and algal blooms in such pleasure. Conclusion – no Fish Tank Filter, even the most sophisticated, will not save you from changing the water in the aquarium.
That’s all – it was a short course in aquarium filtration.